Estudio de la degradación de fenol sobre catalizador de arcilla pilarizada-Study of the degradation of phenol on pillar clay catalyst

Degradation study of phenol on pillared clay catalyst

  • Julio Andrés Cardona-Castaño Universidad de Caldas
  • Gonzalo Taborda-Ocampo Universidad de Caldas
Palabras clave: Phenol, induction period, pillared clay, batch (en_US)

Resumen (es_ES)

Se investiga la oxidación de fenol sobre catalizador de arcilla pilarizada en un reactor operando tanto en batch como en semibatch. Los experimentos fueron llevados a cabo a temperatura ambiente y presión atmosférica, con concentración de fenol de 100 mg/L, concentración de catalizador de 0,5 y 2,75 g/L y concentración de peróxido de hidrógeno del  50 y el 100 % de la cantidad estequiométrica necesaria para la total degradación de fenol. Se comparan ambos procesos en términos de degradación de fenol, degradación de H2O2, formación y degradación de intermediarios aromáticos y ácidos de cadena corta. Se determinó, que la velocidad de degradación de fenol e intermediarios aromáticos es más lenta en el proceso en semibatch. Sin embargo, hay un uso más eficiente del peróxido de hidrógeno en el proceso semibatch, favoreciendo la reacción con las especies orgánicas y  reduciendo las reacciones competitivas.

Resumen (en_US)

The pillaring of a Colombian natural clay (bentonite) with the Al-Fe systems and the application for catalytic wet peroxide oxidation (CWPO) using phenol as target compound at 291,15 K has been studied. The solid was characterized by DRX and specific surface area using the BET model. The experiments were conducted at temperature of 291,15 K, atmospheric pressure, phenol concentration of 100 mg/L, catalyst concentration of  0,5 and  2,75 g/L and hydrogen peroxide concentration of  0,0265 and 0,053 M in semibatch and 7,4x10-3 and 0,0148 M in batch, equivalent to 50 and 100% of the stoichiometric amount needed for complete phenol degradation, respectively.Both processes were compared in terms of degradation of phenol, degradation of H2O2 and aromatic intermediates and short chain acids. It was determined that the rate of degradation of phenol and aromatic intermediates is slower in the semibatch process. However, more efficient hydrogen peroxide in the semibatch process was presented use favoring reaction with organic species and reducing competitive reactions.


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Biografía del autor/a

Julio Andrés Cardona-Castaño, Universidad de Caldas
Docente Universidad de caldas. Departamento de Química
Gonzalo Taborda-Ocampo, Universidad de Caldas
Docente Universidad de Caldas


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Cómo citar
Cardona-Castaño, J., & Taborda-Ocampo, G. (2016). Estudio de la degradación de fenol sobre catalizador de arcilla pilarizada-Study of the degradation of phenol on pillar clay catalyst. Revista Científica, 2(25), 265-279.
Publicado: 2016-08-31
Ciencia e ingeniería