Una nueva estrategia de integración de proveedores para la industria automotriz colombiana

Jorge Alberto Coronell Ramírez, César Amilcar López

Resumen


Al analizar los TLC vigentes y suscritos en Colombia se identificó que la industria automotriz colombiana se encuentra en riesgo, al enfrentar a las grandes industrias que representan el mercado global de Estados Unidos, Corea, China y México; por lo anterior, surge la necesidad inmediata de realizar una reestructuración en la operación de las ensambladoras nacionales. Para esto se desarrolló una investigación sobre las estrategias de integración utilizadas mundialmente y se propone la utilización de la estrategia de suministro “SISCAI”, que consiste en la combinación de características con mayor impacto de las estrategias evaluadas a través del proceso analítico jerárquico, adaptándola a las condiciones requeridas para operar en Colombia. Con la aplicación de la estrategia propuesta se reduce en 20% el inventario CKD, 45% la mano de obra directa a cargo de la ensambladora, incrementando la calidad del producto e impulsando y protegiendo la industria nacional.


Palabras clave


colaboración con proveedores; integración de proveedores; modelos de la industria automotriz; sector automotriz

Texto completo:

PDF

Referencias


Asociación Nacional de Empresarios de Colombia, 2015. [En línea]. Disponible en: http://www.andi.com.co/

Mincomercio industria y turismo, 2015. [En línea]. Disponible en: http://www.tlc.gov.co/index.php

Danilovic, M., “Supplier integration in product development”, The international annual IPSERA conference, 2001.

Saaty, T., The Analytic Hierarchy Process. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1980.

Álvarez, M., Arquero, A., y Martínez, E., Empleo del AHP (proceso analítico jerárquico) incorporado en SIG para definir el emplazamiento óptimo de equipamientos universitarios. Aplicación a una biblioteca, 2010.

Sánchez, R., and Mahoney, J., “Modularity, Flexibility and Knowledge Management in Product and Organization Design”, Strategic Management Journal, vol. 17,1996, pp. 63-76. https://doi.org/10.1002/smj.4250171107

Morris, D., and Donnelly, T., “Insights from industry: Supplier parks in the automotive industry”, Supply chain management: And International Journal, vol. 9, No. 2, 2004, pp.129-133.

Collins, R., Bechler, K., and Pires, S., “Outsorcing in the Automotive Industry: From JIT to Modular Consortia”, European Management Journal, vol. 15, No. 5, 1997, pp. 498-507. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0263-2373(97)00030-3

Harrison, A., and Van Hoek, R., Logistics Management and Strategy. 3rd ed. Harlow: Prentice – Hall, 2008.

Alford, D., Sackett, P., and Nelder, G., “Mass customization-and automotive perspective”, International Journal of production economics, vol. 65, 2000, pp. 99-110. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0925-5273(99)00093-6

Jürgens, U. “Characteristics of the European Automotive System: Is there a distinctive European Approach? Discussion paper SP III 2003”, Social Science Research Center, 301, 2003.

Bennett, D., and Klug, F., Logistics supplier integration in the automotive industry, 2011.

Trappey, C., Business and logistics hub integration to facilitate global supply chain linkage, 2007.

Reichhart, A., and Holweg, M., “Co-located Supplier Clusters: Forms Functions and Theoretical Perspectives”, International Journal of Operation & Production Management, vol. 28, No.1, 2008, pp. 53-78. https://doi.org/10.1108/01443570810841103

Sheombar, H., “EDI–Induced Redesign of Coordination in Logistics”, International Journal of Physical Distribution and Materials Management, 1992, pp. 4-14.

Walton, S., and Marucheck, A., “The Relationship Between EDI and Supplier Reliability”, International Journal of Purchasing and Materials Management, 1998, pp. 30-35.

Narasimhan, R., and Carter, J., “Linking Business Unit and Material Sourcing Strategies”, Journal of Business Logistics, 1998, pp. 155-171.

Bowersox, D., and Daugherty, P., “Logistics Paradigms: The Impact of Information Technologies”, Journal of Business Logistics, 1995, pp. 65-80.

Lewis, I., and Talalayesvsky, A, “Logistics and Information Technology: A Coordination Perspective”, Journal of Business Logistics, 1997, pp.141-157.

Van Hoek, R., Commandeur, H., and Voss, B., “Reconfiguring Logistics Systems Through Postponement Strategies”, Journal of Business Logistics, 1998, pp. 33-54.

Koufteros, X., Vonderembse, M., and Doll, W., “Concurrent Engineering and Its Consequences”, Journal of Operations Management, vol. 19, 2001, pp. 97-115. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0272-6963(00)00048-6

Vonderembse, M., Koufteros, X., and Doll, “W. Integrated Product Development Practices and Competitive Capabilities: The Effects of Uncertainty, Equivocality, And Platform Strategy”, Journal of Operations Management, vol. 20, 2002, 331-355. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0272-6963(02)00018-9

Sohail, M., and Sohal, A., “The Use of Third Party Logistics Services: A Malaysian Perspective”, Technovation, vol. 23, No.5, 2003, 401 – 408. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0166-4972(02)00003-2

Carbone, V., and Stone, M., “Growth and Relational Strategies Used by The European Logistics Service Providers: Rationale and Outcomes”, Transportation Research Part E, vol. 42, No.6, 2005, 495-510. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tre.2005.06.001

Kim, C., Yang, K., and Kim, J., “A Strategy for Third Party Logistics Systems: A Case Analysis Using the Blue Ocean Strategy”, Omega, vol. 36, No. 4, 2008, 522-534. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.omega.2006.11.011

Larsson, A., “The Development and Regional Significance of The Automotive Industry: Supplier Parks in Western Europe”, International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, vol. 26, No. 4, 2002, 767-784. https://doi.org/10.1111/1468-2427.00417

Howard, M., Miemczyk, J., and Graves, A., “Automotive Supplier Parks: An Imperative for Build-To-Order?”, Journal of Purchasing and Supply Management, vol. 12, 2006, 91-104. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pursup.2006.05.001

Lewis, M., Howard, M., Miemczyk, J., and Brandon-Jones, A., “Implementing Supply Practice at Bridgend Engine Plant. The Influence of Institutional and Strategic Choice Perspectives”, International Journal of Operations & Production Management, vol. 27, No. 7, 2007, 754-776. https://doi.org/10.1108/01443570710757090

Vanichchinchai, A., and Igel, B., The Impact of Total Quality Management on Supply Chain Management and Firm’s Supply Performance, 2011.

Koplin, J., Seuring, S., and Mesterharm, M., “Incorporating Sustainability into Supply Management in The Automotive Industry-The Case of The Volkswagen AG”, Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 15, 2007, 1053-1062. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2006.05.024

Warren, J., Rhodes, E., and Carter, R., “A Total Product System Concept E A Case Study of The Smart Automobile”, Greener Management International, vol. 35, 2001, 89-104. https://doi.org/10.9774/GLEAF.3062.2001.au.00009

Asociación Nacional de Empresarios de Colombia, 2015. [En línea]. Disponible en: http://www.andi.com.co/




DOI: https://doi.org/10.14483/2248762X.12368



URL de la licencia: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

https://doi.org/10.14483/issn.2248-762X