Publicado:

2022-11-25

Número:

Vol. 16 Núm. 2 (2022)

Sección:

Visión de Contexto

The insufficiency of transitional justice for the peace building

La insuficiencia de la justicia transicional para la construcción de la paz

Autores/as

  • Beatriz Cuervo-Criales Universidad Autónoma de Colombia

Palabras clave:

Armed conflict, Humanitarian justice, International Humanitarian Law, Peaceful coexistence, State crimes, Submission (en).

Palabras clave:

Conflicto armado, Justicia humanitaria, Derecho Internacional Humanitario, Convivencia pacífica, Crímenes de Estado, Sometimiento (es).

Resumen (en)

Taking into account that the transitional justice arose under the same foundations of retribution and utilitarianism of ordinary justice and that the principles of truth, justice, reparation and non-repetition were implemented in the two transitional models based on denunciation, surrender and submission for some of the actors of the armed conflict who demobilized individually and collectively, based on a theoretical and case study, it was established that the Transitional Justice is insufficient for the construction of peace, since criminal law is not the way to achieve peaceful coexistence. We found that the main causes of this insufficiency are related to the conditional submission, the distortion of the truth, the lack of some actors in the conflict, the absence of a large part of the victims and the indifference to State crimes, among others; Because of that, we conclude that it is necessary to redirect Transitional Justice towards humanitarianism and recognition of the other, based on the principles of tolerance, unity in diversity, prospective justice, ideological pluralism, pro-victim and pro-homine, in a structural way; in order to overcome violence and move seriously towards peaceful coexistence, as a founding value proclaimed by the Colombian people in the preamble of the political charter.

Resumen (es)

Teniendo en cuenta que la Justicia Transicional surgió bajo los mismos fundamentos del retribucionismo y utilitarismo de la justicia ordinaria y que los principios de verdad, justicia, reparación y no repetición, se implementaron en los dos modelos transicionales a partir de la delación, la rendición y el sometimiento para algunos de los actores del conflicto armado que se desmovilizaron de manera individual y colectiva, a partir de un estudio teórico y de casos, se logró establecer que la Jtr resulta insuficiente para la construcción de la paz, ya que el derecho penal, no es el camino para lograr la convivencia pacífica. Encontramos que las principales causas de esta insuficiencia están relacionadas con el sometimiento condicionado, la distorsión de la verdad, la falta de algunos actores del conflicto, la ausencia de gran parte de las víctimas y la indiferencia frente a los crímenes de Estado, entre otras; por ello, concluimos, que es necesario redireccionar la Jtr hacia el humanitarismo y el reconocimiento del otro, a partir de los principios de tolerancia, unidad en la diversidad, justicia prospectiva, pluralismo ideológico, pro víctima y pro homine, de manera estructural; con el fin de superar las violencias y transitar en serio, hacia la convivencia pacífica, como valor fundante proclamado por el pueblo colombiano en el preámbulo de la carta política.

Referencias

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Cómo citar

APA

Cuervo-Criales, B. (2022). The insufficiency of transitional justice for the peace building. Visión electrónica, 16(2). https://revistas.udistrital.edu.co/index.php/visele/article/view/20501

ACM

[1]
Cuervo-Criales, B. 2022. The insufficiency of transitional justice for the peace building. Visión electrónica. 16, 2 (nov. 2022).

ACS

(1)
Cuervo-Criales, B. The insufficiency of transitional justice for the peace building. Vis. Electron. 2022, 16.

ABNT

CUERVO-CRIALES, Beatriz. The insufficiency of transitional justice for the peace building. Visión electrónica, [S. l.], v. 16, n. 2, 2022. Disponível em: https://revistas.udistrital.edu.co/index.php/visele/article/view/20501. Acesso em: 28 may. 2024.

Chicago

Cuervo-Criales, Beatriz. 2022. «The insufficiency of transitional justice for the peace building». Visión electrónica 16 (2). https://revistas.udistrital.edu.co/index.php/visele/article/view/20501.

Harvard

Cuervo-Criales, B. (2022) «The insufficiency of transitional justice for the peace building», Visión electrónica, 16(2). Disponible en: https://revistas.udistrital.edu.co/index.php/visele/article/view/20501 (Accedido: 28 mayo 2024).

IEEE

[1]
B. Cuervo-Criales, «The insufficiency of transitional justice for the peace building», Vis. Electron., vol. 16, n.º 2, nov. 2022.

MLA

Cuervo-Criales, Beatriz. «The insufficiency of transitional justice for the peace building». Visión electrónica, vol. 16, n.º 2, noviembre de 2022, https://revistas.udistrital.edu.co/index.php/visele/article/view/20501.

Turabian

Cuervo-Criales, Beatriz. «The insufficiency of transitional justice for the peace building». Visión electrónica 16, no. 2 (noviembre 25, 2022). Accedido mayo 28, 2024. https://revistas.udistrital.edu.co/index.php/visele/article/view/20501.

Vancouver

1.
Cuervo-Criales B. The insufficiency of transitional justice for the peace building. Vis. Electron. [Internet]. 25 de noviembre de 2022 [citado 28 de mayo de 2024];16(2). Disponible en: https://revistas.udistrital.edu.co/index.php/visele/article/view/20501

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