Publicado:

2023-06-19

Número:

Vol. 17 Núm. 1 (2023)

Sección:

Visión de Caso

Brushless DC Motor Control System for Active Myoelectric Prostheses

Sistema de Control de Motores de Corriente Directa Sin Escobillas para Prótesis Activas Mioeléctricas

Autores/as

Palabras clave:

Active Prostheses, Brushless DC Motor, Hall effect sensors, PI Control, SimpleFOC, Vectorial Control (en).

Palabras clave:

Prótesis Activa, Motor DC sin escobillas, Sensores de efecto Hall, Control PI, SimpleFOC, Control Vectorial (es).

Resumen (en)

A prosthesis is an artificial substitute for a missing part of the body that makes it possible to recover some degree of function of the lost limb. Prosthetics are classified as passive and active. These last ones require a driver system and a control system which are indispensable to determine if the motion a person is doing is executing effectively. In this sense, the driver system and the control system play a fundamental role in the functioning of active prosthetics when myoelectric sensors are used for their activation. The following paper presents the development of a Field Oriented Control of position for brushless direct current Motor equipped with Hall effect sensors. The system is built for a 5W EC-max 16 Ø16 mm brushless motor coupled to a GP 16 A Ø16 mm planetary reducer, together with an Arduino Uno board and a simple Field Oriented Control module. An open-loop position control system and a closed-loop position proportional-integral control system were implemented. The results indicate that closed-loop control shows a stability time, rise time, peak time and a steady state error less than the open-loop system. Also, that there is not notable hysteresis in the motor. These results will allow a more precise position control on a myoelectric prosthesis for transhumeral amputees.

Resumen (es)

Una prótesis en un sustituto artificial para una parte faltante del cuerpo que permite recuperar en cierto grado la función del miembro perdido. Las prótesis se clasifican en pasivas y activas, estas últimas requieren un sistema de actuadores y sistemas de control los cuales son indispensables para determinar si el movimiento que la persona realiza es ejecutado efectivamente. En este sentido, el sistema de accionamiento y de control juegan un papel fundamental en el funcionamiento de las prótesis activas cuando se usan señales mioeléctricas para su activación. Así, en este documento se presenta el desarrollo de un sistema de control de campo orientado de posición para motores de corriente directa sin escobillas equipados con sensores de efecto Hall. El sistema está constituido por un motor de corriente directa sin escobillas EC-max 16 Ø16 mm de 5W acoplado a un reductor planetario GP 16 A Ø16 mm, una placa Arduino Uno y el módulo para el controlador de campo orientado. Se implementó un sistema de control de posición en lazo abierto y un sistema de control proporcional-integral de posición en lazo cerrado. Los resultados indican que el sistema de lazo cerrado presenta un tiempo de estabilidad, tiempo de subida, tiempo pico y error de estado estacionario menor que el sistema de lazo abierto. También se ha demostrado que no hay histéresis notable en el motor. Estos resultados permitirán realizar un control de posición más preciso sobre una prótesis mioeléctricas para personas con amputación transhumeral.

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Cómo citar

APA

Guzmán Henao, S., Arcos Hurtado, E. F., y Bermeo Varón, L. A. (2023). Brushless DC Motor Control System for Active Myoelectric Prostheses. Visión electrónica, 17(1). https://revistas.udistrital.edu.co/index.php/visele/article/view/21194

ACM

[1]
Guzmán Henao, S. et al. 2023. Brushless DC Motor Control System for Active Myoelectric Prostheses. Visión electrónica. 17, 1 (jun. 2023).

ACS

(1)
Guzmán Henao, S.; Arcos Hurtado, E. F.; Bermeo Varón, L. A. Brushless DC Motor Control System for Active Myoelectric Prostheses. Vis. Electron. 2023, 17.

ABNT

GUZMÁN HENAO, Santiago; ARCOS HURTADO, Edgar Francisco; BERMEO VARÓN, Leonardo Antonio. Brushless DC Motor Control System for Active Myoelectric Prostheses. Visión electrónica, [S. l.], v. 17, n. 1, 2023. Disponível em: https://revistas.udistrital.edu.co/index.php/visele/article/view/21194. Acesso em: 21 jun. 2024.

Chicago

Guzmán Henao, Santiago, Edgar Francisco Arcos Hurtado, y Leonardo Antonio Bermeo Varón. 2023. «Brushless DC Motor Control System for Active Myoelectric Prostheses». Visión electrónica 17 (1). https://revistas.udistrital.edu.co/index.php/visele/article/view/21194.

Harvard

Guzmán Henao, S., Arcos Hurtado, E. F. y Bermeo Varón, L. A. (2023) «Brushless DC Motor Control System for Active Myoelectric Prostheses», Visión electrónica, 17(1). Disponible en: https://revistas.udistrital.edu.co/index.php/visele/article/view/21194 (Accedido: 21 junio 2024).

IEEE

[1]
S. Guzmán Henao, E. F. Arcos Hurtado, y L. A. Bermeo Varón, «Brushless DC Motor Control System for Active Myoelectric Prostheses», Vis. Electron., vol. 17, n.º 1, jun. 2023.

MLA

Guzmán Henao, Santiago, et al. «Brushless DC Motor Control System for Active Myoelectric Prostheses». Visión electrónica, vol. 17, n.º 1, junio de 2023, https://revistas.udistrital.edu.co/index.php/visele/article/view/21194.

Turabian

Guzmán Henao, Santiago, Edgar Francisco Arcos Hurtado, y Leonardo Antonio Bermeo Varón. «Brushless DC Motor Control System for Active Myoelectric Prostheses». Visión electrónica 17, no. 1 (junio 19, 2023). Accedido junio 21, 2024. https://revistas.udistrital.edu.co/index.php/visele/article/view/21194.

Vancouver

1.
Guzmán Henao S, Arcos Hurtado EF, Bermeo Varón LA. Brushless DC Motor Control System for Active Myoelectric Prostheses. Vis. Electron. [Internet]. 19 de junio de 2023 [citado 21 de junio de 2024];17(1). Disponible en: https://revistas.udistrital.edu.co/index.php/visele/article/view/21194

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