Evaluación agronómica de caucho natural asociado con tres coberturas vegetales en la altillanura

Agronomic evaluation of natural rubber associated with three natural coverages in the altillanura

Palabras clave: antrachnose, Desmodium sp., Hevea brasiliensis, Mucuna bracteata, Pueraria phaseoloides (en_US)
Palabras clave: antracnosis, Desmodium sp., Hevea brasiliensis, Mucuna bracteata, Pueraria phaseoloides (es_ES)

Resumen (es_ES)

Se evaluó el efecto de las coberturas Mucuna bracteata, Desmodium sp. y Pueraria phaseoloides en el crecimiento y su influencia en el estado fitosanitario de un cultivo de caucho natural de dos años de edad en la altillanura colombiana. En condiciones de libre exposición se establecieron tratamientos por cobertura con tres repeticiones y tres réplicas con un control. Las variables respuestas fueron perímetro y la altura total del árbol; se realizaron muestreos del follaje de las coberturas para identificar y cuantificar hongos presentes. Adicionalmente, se hicieron inoculaciones de Colletotrichum gloesporioides en las tres coberturas en condiciones semicontroladas. Se encontró que las tres coberturas generan un leve aumento en la materia orgánica del suelo y favorecen el desarrollo de los árboles. Los hongos más frecuentemente aislados correspondieron a Cladosporium sp., E. sorgui y Fusarium sp. Las inoculaciones mostraron que las tres coberturas son susceptibles a C. gloesporiodes.

Resumen (en_US)

The purpose of this research is evaluating the results of the effect of M. bracteata, Desmodium sp y P. phaseoloides cover crops in growth, and their influence in the phytosanitary conditions of a two years old natural rubber crop in the “Altillanura Colombiana”. We established treatments by cover crop with three repeats and a control crop. The development of the trees was evaluated through the measurement of perimeter and total height. Additionally, inoculations of C. gloesporioides were carried out in the three cover crops under semi-controlled conditions. It was found that the three cover crops generated a slight increase in the organic matter of the soil and have a favorable effect on the development of the trees. Also, that the most frequently isolated fungi corresponded to Cladosporium sp., E. sorgui and Fusarium sp., and that the inoculations showed that the three coverages are susceptible to C. gloesporioides.

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Cómo citar
García, I. A., Garzón, P. A., Méndez Tibambre, M. E., González Peranquive, C. A., Cardozo García, C. F., Peraza Arias, A. R., & Aristizábal Gutiérrez, F. A. (2020). Evaluación agronómica de caucho natural asociado con tres coberturas vegetales en la altillanura. Colombia Forestal, 23(1). https://doi.org/10.14483/2256201X.14996
Sección
Artículos de investigación científica y tecnológica