DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14483/22484728.9880

Publicado:

2014-12-28

Número:

Vol. 8 Núm. 2 (2014)

Sección:

Visión de Caso

Design and construction of automated equipment for separating mixtures

Autores/as

  • Javier Eduardo Martinez Baquero

Palabras clave:

Automated Equipment, Instrumentation, Mixture, Controller, Oily Waters, Separation (es).

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Resumen (es)

There are various forms of environmental pollution, one of which is caused by oily mixtures which are particularly discharged into water sources from economic activities such as washing vehicles, service stations, and others. This article research shows a way to mitigate these polluting effects through the design and construction of an automated equipment that performs the separation of a mixture of water-oil. The separation of the oil mixture is carried out in a corrugated plate interceptor (CPI), and accompanied by a Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) S7 1200, through which the user is allowed to perform the process efficiently, thanks to high percentage of separation has been achieved with respect to the initial mixture. Then, was divided into three methodological steps , first the CPI separator built, setting turn the variables of interest, second was designed and implemented the Automation and third results were validated by testing. Three variables were defined; level, the most important in the system, also temperature and flow, for each of them has been implemented appropriate instrumentation for data collection subsequently entering the PLC. The main result is that the process is efficient as it manages to recover more than 90% of the water present in the initial oily fluid, this evidenced by the implemented instrumentation , allowing reuse and subsequent saving precious liquid.

Referencias

Plan Nacional de Desarrollo 2010 – 2014. M´as empleo menos pobreza. Rep´ublica de Colombia. Departamento Nacional de Planeaci´on.

C. Antonio. Instrumentaci´on Industrial. 8va Edici´on. M´exico. Alfaomega Grupo Editor, S.A. 2011. Pp 195-220

R, Piedrafita Moreno. Ingenier´ıa de la Automatizacion Industrial. M´exico. Alfaomega, 2010. 2da Edici´on ampliada y actualizada. pp 59-80.

Behin, J. A. (2007). Influence of water level on oil-water separation by residence time distribution curves investigations. Departamento de Ingenier´ıa Qu´ımica. Facultad de Ingenierıa, junio 2013. [En l´ınea]. Disponible en http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1-383586608003092.

Escamilla, C. (2010). Tesis de Grado. Modelacion F´ısica de un separador agua-aceite. Instituto Polit´ecnico Nacional. Escuela Superior de Ingenier´ıa Qu´ımica e Industrias, julio 2013. [En l´ınea]. Disponible en http://biblioteca.universia.net/html bura/ficha/params//id/51955590.html.

A. Morales S´anchez. Instrumentaci´on B´asica de Procesos

Industriales. M´exico. International Society of Automation (ISA). 2007. pp 20-40.

L, Ch´avez. (2012). Evaluaci´on del Sistema de tratamiento de aguas oleosas residuales. Disponible en:

http://es.scribd.com/doc/163987262/EVALUACIONDEL-

SSITEMA-DE-TRATAMIENTO-DE-AGUASOLEOSAS-

RESIDUALES

J.A. Romero Rojas. Tratamiento de aguas residuales. Teor´ıa y Principios de dise˜no. Colombia. Editorial Escuela Colombiana de Ingenier´ıa. 2010. pp 223-253.

J. Acedo S´anchez. Instrumentaci´on y Control B´asico de Procesos. Espa˜na. Ediciones Diaz de Santos. 2006. pp 227-243.

J. Perez Cruz y M. Pineda S´anchez. Automatizaci´on de Maniobras Industriales. M´exico. Alfaomega. pp 43-163

D. Gonzalez. Automatizaci´on y Control. Pr´acticas de Laboratorio. M´exico. Mc Graw Hill. 2004. pp 53- 98

M. P´erez. Aut´omatas Programables y Sistema de

Automatizaci´on. M´exico. Alfaomega. 2010. pp 30-60

Cómo citar

APA

Martinez Baquero, J. E. (2014). Design and construction of automated equipment for separating mixtures. Visión electrónica, 8(2), 87–93. https://doi.org/10.14483/22484728.9880

ACM

[1]
Martinez Baquero, J.E. 2014. Design and construction of automated equipment for separating mixtures. Visión electrónica. 8, 2 (dic. 2014), 87–93. DOI:https://doi.org/10.14483/22484728.9880.

ACS

(1)
Martinez Baquero, J. E. Design and construction of automated equipment for separating mixtures. Vis. Electron. 2014, 8, 87-93.

ABNT

MARTINEZ BAQUERO, J. E. Design and construction of automated equipment for separating mixtures. Visión electrónica, [S. l.], v. 8, n. 2, p. 87–93, 2014. DOI: 10.14483/22484728.9880. Disponível em: https://revistas.udistrital.edu.co/index.php/visele/article/view/9880. Acesso em: 15 oct. 2021.

Chicago

Martinez Baquero, Javier Eduardo. 2014. «Design and construction of automated equipment for separating mixtures». Visión electrónica 8 (2):87-93. https://doi.org/10.14483/22484728.9880.

Harvard

Martinez Baquero, J. E. (2014) «Design and construction of automated equipment for separating mixtures», Visión electrónica, 8(2), pp. 87–93. doi: 10.14483/22484728.9880.

IEEE

[1]
J. E. Martinez Baquero, «Design and construction of automated equipment for separating mixtures», Vis. Electron., vol. 8, n.º 2, pp. 87–93, dic. 2014.

MLA

Martinez Baquero, J. E. «Design and construction of automated equipment for separating mixtures». Visión electrónica, vol. 8, n.º 2, diciembre de 2014, pp. 87-93, doi:10.14483/22484728.9880.

Turabian

Martinez Baquero, Javier Eduardo. «Design and construction of automated equipment for separating mixtures». Visión electrónica 8, no. 2 (diciembre 28, 2014): 87–93. Accedido octubre 15, 2021. https://revistas.udistrital.edu.co/index.php/visele/article/view/9880.

Vancouver

1.
Martinez Baquero JE. Design and construction of automated equipment for separating mixtures. Vis. Electron. [Internet]. 28 de diciembre de 2014 [citado 15 de octubre de 2021];8(2):87-93. Disponible en: https://revistas.udistrital.edu.co/index.php/visele/article/view/9880

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