Contenido de carbono en un bosque de tierra firme del resguardo Nonuya-Villazul, amazonia colombiana

Edwin Paky Barbosa, Fabian Moreno, Esteban Alvarez-Dávila

Resumen


La implementación de los programas REDD+ requiere estimaciones precisas del carbono forestal. En este estudio se reporta el contenido de carbono en un bosque de tierra firme del resguardo Villazul-Nonuya RVN de la Amazonia colombiana, con base en una parcela permanente de 6 ha. Se evalúa su variación espacial y la contribución del sotobosque, dos factores poco considerados. Se encontró una biomasa promedio total de 336.1±14.0 t.ha-1; el 11.5% se encuentra en el sotobosque (DAP 1-10 cm) y el 88.5% corresponde a árboles con DAP ≥ 10 cm; los árboles grandes (DAP ≥ 70 cm) son pocos (4 ±1 por ha) y tienen una baja contribución a la biomasa (6.8%) en comparación con otros bosques tropicales. La biomasa promedio estimada está dentro del rango reportado para toda la cuenca Amazónica, es superior a la Amazonia Occidental y similar al de Amazonia colombiana. Considerando que el resguardo VN tiene 208 800 ha en bosques de tierra firme, se estimó un promedio total de 31.0 Mt C (95% IC 29.1-32.04). Estos resultados permiten ubicar a los bosques del resguardo VN en un contexto global y mejorar la precisión de las estimaciones de carbono forestal en la Amazonia colombiana.


Palabras clave


biomasa forestal; cambio climático; monitoreo del bosque; parcela permanente

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Referencias


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.14483/udistrital.jour.colomb.for.2017.2.a04

 Colomb. for.                    ISSN: 0120-0739 

https://doi.org/10.14483/issn.2256-201X