Gestión de la Demanda en la Industria de Chile: Aprendiendo del Caso Alemán

Demand Side Management on the Chile Industry: Learning From the German Case

  • Yunesky Masip Macia PONTIFICIA UNIVERSIDAD CATOLICA DE VALPARAISO https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4455-1819
  • Axel Bastián Poque González Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso - Chile
  • Luis Ramirez Camargo Technische Hochschule Deggendorf (Freyung-Alemania)
  • Javier Valdes Technische Hochschule Deggendorf (Freyung-Alemania)
  • Meyli Val´ın Pontificia Universidad Cat´olica de Valpara´ıso https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2339-3719

Resumen (es_ES)

Contexto: Tanto países pioneros como aquellos que recientemente han comenzado una transición energética hacia las energías renovables requieren altos niveles de flexibilidad en sus sistemas eléctricos. Este artículo revisa la aplicación de la gestión de la demanda (DSM, por sus siglas en inglés) como herramienta para proveer flexibilidad y lograr objetivos de penetración de fuentes renovables de energía.

Método: Se ha hecho una revisión sistemática de la literatura para revisar el origen y evolución del concepto de DSM en la industria alemana y chilena, realizando al mismo tiempo un paralelo y comparación entre ambas experiencias.

Resultados: Ambos países registran dificultades a la hora de aprovechar el potencial de gestión de la demanda en la industria, la falta de políticas promotoras y la carencia de marcos regulatorios específicos son algunas de las causas.

Conclusiones: Se requiere agilizar la atención a la gestión de la demanda; además, es importante que la academia contribuya con estimaciones de potencial en tanto se precisan políticas públicas que fomenten el aprovechamiento de esta herramienta.

Resumen (en_US)

Context: Both pioneer countries and those that have recently begun an energy transition towards renewable energy require high levels of flexibility in their electrical systems. This article reviews the Demand Side Management (DSM) application as a tool to provide flexibility, and then, to achieve renewable energy penetration objectives.

Method: A systematic mini-review of the literature has been done to review the origin and evolution of the concept of DSM in German and Chilean industry, at the same time, to make a parallel and comparison between them.

Results: Both countries have difficulties in taking advantage of the demand management potential in the industry, the lack of promoting policies and the lack of specific regulatory frameworks are some of the causes.

Conclusions: It is necessary to speed up attention to the management of demand, it is important that the academy contributes with estimates of potential, it also needs public policies that encourage the use of this tool.

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Cómo citar
Masip Macia, Y., Poque González, A. B., Ramirez Camargo, L., Valdes, J., & Val´ınM. (2019). Gestión de la Demanda en la Industria de Chile: Aprendiendo del Caso Alemán. Ingeniería, 24(3), 235-251. https://doi.org/10.14483/23448393.14709
Publicado: 2019-10-20
Sección
Ingeniería Eléctrica y Electrónica