DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14483/2256201X.19114

Publicado:

01-01-2023

Número:

Vol. 26 Núm. 1 (2023): Enero-junio

Sección:

Artículos de investigación científica y tecnológica

Micropropagation and Germplasm Conservation of Ficus americana Aubl. and F. obtusifolia Kunth from Lambayeque (Peru)

Micropropagación y conservación de germoplasma de Ficus americana Aubl. y F. obtusifolia Kunth de Lambayeque (Perú)

Autores/as

Palabras clave:

acclimatization and survival, Moraceae, Piper culture medium, seasonally dry tropical forests, seed germination (en).

Palabras clave:

aclimatación y supervivencia, Moraceae, medio de cultivo de Piper, bosque tropical estacionalmente seco, germinación de semillas (es).

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Resumen (en)

Ficus americana and F. obtusifolia are among the most important tree species in Seasonally Dry Tropical Forests (SDTF) due to their evergreen condition and high levels of biomass. However, the SDTF of Lambayeque and northern Peru is greatly diminishing due to the advance of migratory agriculture, illegal mining, and deforestation. The objective of this work was to study the taxonomic aspects of both species, as well as seed germination, micropropagation, and in vitro germplasm conservation. Seed germination was 100% for both species up to three months after collection. As for micropropagation, rooting, and germplasm conservation, the Piper culture medium was effective, as it was constituted by MS mineral salts with 0.02 mg.L-1 IAA and 0.02 mg.L-1 GA3. In vitro germplasm conservation lasted more than 24 months for both species. Acclimatization under greenhouse conditions reached 50% survival for both species.

Resumen (es)

Ficus americana y F. obtusifolia, se encuentran entre las especies arbóreas más importantes de los Bosques Tropicales Estacionalmente Secos (BTES) por su condición de siempre verdes y sus altos niveles de biomasa. Sin embargo, el BTES de Lambayeque y el norte de Perú está disminuyendo enormemente debido al avance de la agricultura migratoria, la minería ilegal y la deforestación. El objetivo de este trabajo fue estudiar los aspectos taxonómicos de ambas especies, así como la germinación de semillas, la micropropagación y la conservación de germoplasma in vitro. La germinación de semillas fue de 100 % en ambas especies hasta tres meses después de la recolección. Respecto a la micropropagación, el enraizamiento y la conservación de germoplasma, el medio de cultivo de Piper resultó efectivo, el cual está conformado por sales minerales MS con IAA 0.02 mg.L-1 y GA3 0.02 mg.L-1. La conservación in vitro de germoplasma duró más de 24 meses en ambas especies. La aclimatación en condiciones de invernadero alcanzó 50 % de supervivencia en ambas especies.

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Cómo citar

APA

Esquerre-Ibañez, B., Delgado-Paredes, G. E., Rojas-Idrogo, C. ., Vásquez-Díaz, C. ., y Kuethe, J. R. (2023). Micropropagation and Germplasm Conservation of Ficus americana Aubl. and F. obtusifolia Kunth from Lambayeque (Peru). Colombia forestal, 26(1), 92–108. https://doi.org/10.14483/2256201X.19114

ACM

[1]
Esquerre-Ibañez, B., Delgado-Paredes, G.E., Rojas-Idrogo, C. , Vásquez-Díaz, C. y Kuethe, J.R. 2023. Micropropagation and Germplasm Conservation of Ficus americana Aubl. and F. obtusifolia Kunth from Lambayeque (Peru). Colombia forestal. 26, 1 (ene. 2023), 92–108. DOI:https://doi.org/10.14483/2256201X.19114.

ACS

(1)
Esquerre-Ibañez, B.; Delgado-Paredes, G. E.; Rojas-Idrogo, C. .; Vásquez-Díaz, C. .; Kuethe, J. R. Micropropagation and Germplasm Conservation of Ficus americana Aubl. and F. obtusifolia Kunth from Lambayeque (Peru). Colomb. for. 2023, 26, 92-108.

ABNT

ESQUERRE-IBAÑEZ, B.; DELGADO-PAREDES, G. E.; ROJAS-IDROGO, C. .; VÁSQUEZ-DÍAZ, C. .; KUETHE, J. R. Micropropagation and Germplasm Conservation of Ficus americana Aubl. and F. obtusifolia Kunth from Lambayeque (Peru). Colombia forestal, [S. l.], v. 26, n. 1, p. 92–108, 2023. DOI: 10.14483/2256201X.19114. Disponível em: https://revistas.udistrital.edu.co/index.php/colfor/article/view/19114. Acesso em: 31 ene. 2023.

Chicago

Esquerre-Ibañez, Boris, Guillermo E. Delgado-Paredes, Consuelo Rojas-Idrogo, Cecilia Vásquez-Díaz, y J. R. Kuethe. 2023. «Micropropagation and Germplasm Conservation of Ficus americana Aubl. and F. obtusifolia Kunth from Lambayeque (Peru)». Colombia forestal 26 (1):92-108. https://doi.org/10.14483/2256201X.19114.

Harvard

Esquerre-Ibañez, B., Delgado-Paredes, G. E., Rojas-Idrogo, C. ., Vásquez-Díaz, C. . y Kuethe, J. R. (2023) «Micropropagation and Germplasm Conservation of Ficus americana Aubl. and F. obtusifolia Kunth from Lambayeque (Peru)», Colombia forestal, 26(1), pp. 92–108. doi: 10.14483/2256201X.19114.

IEEE

[1]
B. Esquerre-Ibañez, G. E. Delgado-Paredes, C. . Rojas-Idrogo, C. . Vásquez-Díaz, y J. R. Kuethe, «Micropropagation and Germplasm Conservation of Ficus americana Aubl. and F. obtusifolia Kunth from Lambayeque (Peru)», Colomb. for., vol. 26, n.º 1, pp. 92–108, ene. 2023.

MLA

Esquerre-Ibañez, B., G. E. Delgado-Paredes, C. . Rojas-Idrogo, C. . Vásquez-Díaz, y J. R. Kuethe. «Micropropagation and Germplasm Conservation of Ficus americana Aubl. and F. obtusifolia Kunth from Lambayeque (Peru)». Colombia forestal, vol. 26, n.º 1, enero de 2023, pp. 92-108, doi:10.14483/2256201X.19114.

Turabian

Esquerre-Ibañez, Boris, Guillermo E. Delgado-Paredes, Consuelo Rojas-Idrogo, Cecilia Vásquez-Díaz, y J. R. Kuethe. «Micropropagation and Germplasm Conservation of Ficus americana Aubl. and F. obtusifolia Kunth from Lambayeque (Peru)». Colombia forestal 26, no. 1 (enero 1, 2023): 92–108. Accedido enero 31, 2023. https://revistas.udistrital.edu.co/index.php/colfor/article/view/19114.

Vancouver

1.
Esquerre-Ibañez B, Delgado-Paredes GE, Rojas-Idrogo C, Vásquez-Díaz C, Kuethe JR. Micropropagation and Germplasm Conservation of Ficus americana Aubl. and F. obtusifolia Kunth from Lambayeque (Peru). Colomb. for. [Internet]. 1 de enero de 2023 [citado 31 de enero de 2023];26(1):92-108. Disponible en: https://revistas.udistrital.edu.co/index.php/colfor/article/view/19114

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