Vol. 25 Núm. 2 (2016): mayo-agosto


Ciencia e ingeniería

Aplicaciones de mezclas de biopolímeros y polímeros sintéticos: Revisión bibliográfica

Applications of biopolymers and synthetic polymers blends: literature review


  • Lady Joana Rodríguez-Sepúlveda Universidad Nacional de Colombia Sede Manizales
  • Carlos Eduardo Orrego-Alzate Universidad Nacional de Colombia Sede Manizales

Palabras clave:

Aplicaciones, Biopolímero, Biodegradable, Mezcla, Polímero sintético (es).

Palabras clave:

Applications, Polymer, Biodegradable, Blend, Synthetic polymer (en).


Resumen (es)

Corrientemente los biopolímeros son biodegradables, frágiles, hidrofílicos y tienen baja resistencia térmica, lo que ha limitado su aplicación comercial. En contraste, los polímeros sintéticos o derivados de recursos no renovables, generalmente de menor costo y de limitada o mínima biodegradabilidad, tienen buenas características mecánicas y térmicas. La mezcla de biopolímeros y polímeros sintéticos proporciona materiales con propiedades intermedias y costos razonables para ciertos usos. Este artículo es una revisión bibliográfica sobre las principales aplicaciones reportadas recientemente para las más importantes mezclas de biopolímeros y polímeros sintéticos biodegradables. La búsqueda de literatura se realizó con la herramienta “Tree of Science” y de manera narrativa. Los resultados mostraron que las mezclas de polímeros alifáticos y polisacáridos son las más usadas en aplicaciones de ingeniería de tejidos biológicos, liberación controlada de medicamentos y en la industria de empaques. 

Resumen (en)

Biopolymers are biodegradable commonly, fragile, hydrophilic and have low thermal resistance, which has limited its commercial application. In contrast, synthetic polymers or derived from non-renewable resources generally lower cost and limited or minimal biodegradability, have good mechanical and thermal characteristics. The blend of biopolymers and synthetic polymers provides materials with properties and reasonable costs for certain applications. This article is a literature review on the main applications recently reported for the most important blends of biopolymers and biodegradable synthetic polymers. The literature search was performed with the "Tree of Science" tool and narratively. The results showed that mixtures of aliphatic and polysaccharide polymers are the most used in engineering applications biological tissues, control drug delivery and packaging industry.

Biografía del autor/a

Lady Joana Rodríguez-Sepúlveda, Universidad Nacional de Colombia Sede Manizales

Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Sede Manizales, Departamento de Ingeniería Industrial, Campus la Nubia Km 4 Vía al Magdalena, AA 127 Manizales, Colombia.

Estudiante de Doctorado en Ingeniería Industrial - Industria y Organizaciones

Carlos Eduardo Orrego-Alzate, Universidad Nacional de Colombia Sede Manizales

Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Sede Manizales, Instituto de Biotecnología y Agroindustria, Departamento de Física y Química, Campus la Nubia Km 4 Vía al Magdalena, AA 127, Manizales, Colombia   - Profesor Titular

Director - Instituto de Biotecnología y Agroindustria


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Cómo citar


Rodríguez-Sepúlveda, L. J., & Orrego-Alzate, C. E. (2016). Aplicaciones de mezclas de biopolímeros y polímeros sintéticos: Revisión bibliográfica . Revista Científica, 25(2), 252–264.


Rodríguez-Sepúlveda, L.J. y Orrego-Alzate, C.E. 2016. Aplicaciones de mezclas de biopolímeros y polímeros sintéticos: Revisión bibliográfica . Revista Científica. 25, 2 (ago. 2016), 252–264. DOI:


Rodríguez-Sepúlveda, L. J.; Orrego-Alzate, C. E. Aplicaciones de mezclas de biopolímeros y polímeros sintéticos: Revisión bibliográfica . Rev. Cient. 2016, 25, 252-264.


RODRÍGUEZ-SEPÚLVEDA, L. J.; ORREGO-ALZATE, C. E. Aplicaciones de mezclas de biopolímeros y polímeros sintéticos: Revisión bibliográfica . Revista Científica, [S. l.], v. 25, n. 2, p. 252–264, 2016. DOI: 10.14483//udistrital.jour.RC.2016.25.a9. Disponível em: Acesso em: 25 oct. 2021.


Rodríguez-Sepúlveda, Lady Joana, y Carlos Eduardo Orrego-Alzate. 2016. «Aplicaciones de mezclas de biopolímeros y polímeros sintéticos: Revisión bibliográfica ». Revista Científica 25 (2):252-64.


Rodríguez-Sepúlveda, L. J. y Orrego-Alzate, C. E. (2016) «Aplicaciones de mezclas de biopolímeros y polímeros sintéticos: Revisión bibliográfica », Revista Científica, 25(2), pp. 252–264. doi: 10.14483//udistrital.jour.RC.2016.25.a9.


L. J. Rodríguez-Sepúlveda y C. E. Orrego-Alzate, «Aplicaciones de mezclas de biopolímeros y polímeros sintéticos: Revisión bibliográfica », Rev. Cient., vol. 25, n.º 2, pp. 252–264, ago. 2016.


Rodríguez-Sepúlveda, L. J., y C. E. Orrego-Alzate. «Aplicaciones de mezclas de biopolímeros y polímeros sintéticos: Revisión bibliográfica ». Revista Científica, vol. 25, n.º 2, agosto de 2016, pp. 252-64, doi:10.14483//udistrital.jour.RC.2016.25.a9.


Rodríguez-Sepúlveda, Lady Joana, y Carlos Eduardo Orrego-Alzate. «Aplicaciones de mezclas de biopolímeros y polímeros sintéticos: Revisión bibliográfica ». Revista Científica 25, no. 2 (agosto 31, 2016): 252–264. Accedido octubre 25, 2021.


Rodríguez-Sepúlveda LJ, Orrego-Alzate CE. Aplicaciones de mezclas de biopolímeros y polímeros sintéticos: Revisión bibliográfica . Rev. Cient. [Internet]. 31 de agosto de 2016 [citado 25 de octubre de 2021];25(2):252-64. Disponible en:

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