Aplicaciones de mezclas de biopolímeros y polímeros sintéticos: Revisión bibliográfica - Applications of blends of biopolymers and synthetic polymers: Bibliographic review

Lady Joana Rodríguez-Sepúlveda, Carlos Eduardo Orrego-Alzate

Resumen


Corrientemente los biopolímeros son biodegradables, frágiles, hidrofílicos y tienen baja resistencia térmica, lo que ha limitado su aplicación comercial. En contraste, los polímeros sintéticos o derivados de recursos no renovables, generalmente de menor costo y de limitada o mínima biodegradabilidad, tienen buenas características mecánicas y térmicas. La mezcla de biopolímeros y polímeros sintéticos proporciona materiales con propiedades intermedias y costos razonables para ciertos usos. Este artículo es una revisión bibliográfica sobre las principales aplicaciones reportadas recientemente para las más importantes mezclas de biopolímeros y polímeros sintéticos biodegradables. La búsqueda de literatura se realizó con la herramienta “Tree of Science” y de manera narrativa. Los resultados mostraron que las mezclas de polímeros alifáticos y polisacáridos son las más usadas en aplicaciones de ingeniería de tejidos biológicos, liberación controlada de medicamentos y en la industria de empaques. 


Palabras clave


Aplicaciones; Biopolímero; Biodegradable; Mezcla; Polímero sintético

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Referencias


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.14483//udistrital.jour.RC.2016.25.a9



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