DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14483/22487085.2929

Published:

2011-01-01

Issue:

Vol 13, No 1 (2011) January-June

Section:

Research Articles

Cooperative structures of interaction in a public school EFL classroom in Bogotá

Estructuras cooperativas de interacción en el aula de inglés como lengua extranjera de un colegio público de Bogotá

Authors

  • Fernando Parga Herrera IED Fabio Lozano Simonelli; Uniempresarial

Keywords:

cooperative learning structures of interaction, mediation, conflict reduction (en).

Keywords:

estructuras cooperativas de interacción, mediación, habilidades de presentación oral, reducción del conflicto (es).

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Abstract (en)

In deprived socio cultural contexts like those characterizing the suburbs of Bogotá, cooperative learning (CL) appears as an alternative to cope with student problems of interpersonal communication and conflict derived largely from gossiping, information distortion, and verbal aggressiveness that result in an inappropriate learning environment. As a result of implementing this action research study with 8th graders in a public school of Usme, in the southeast of Bogotá, students’ original negative influence over their peers turned into positive mediation, featured by peer monitoring, peer correction, and peer feedback. Such a change, which was evident in class audio and video recordings, as well as successful CL task development, occurred thanks to the joint establishment of rules for cooperative interaction with their corresponding roles, functions, times, and spaces immersed in the implemented CL structures of interaction. This way, students raised awareness of the crucial factors involved in effective oral communication and the importance of reporting information accurately for well-informed opinions and decisions. Students’ improvement in the oral communication processes contributed significantly to a better classroom social environment for learning.

Abstract (es)

En contextos socioculturales que brindan pocas oportunidades de promoción social como los que caracterizan a los suburbios Bogotá, el aprendizaje cooperativo aparece como una alternativa para afrontar los problemas estudiantiles de comunicación y conflicto interpersonal, ocasionados en gran medida por el chisme, la distorsión de información, y la agresividad verbal, que dan como resultado ambientes inapropiados de aprendizaje. Como resultado de la implementación de este estudio de investigación- acción, con estudiantes de 8º grado de un colegio público de Usme, al suroriente de Bogotá, la influencia negativa inicial de los estudiantes sobre sus compañeros, se transformó en mediación positiva, caracterizada por monitoreo, corrección y retroalimentación de pares. Tal cambio, que se hizo evidente en grabaciones de audio y video como en el desarrollo exitoso de tareas de trabajo cooperativo, se dio gracias al establecimiento conjunto de reglas para la interacción cooperativa, con sus correspondientes roles, funciones, tiempos y espacios, inmersos en las estructuras cooperativas de interacción implementadas. De esta manera, los estudiantes reconocieron los factores cruciales que hacen parte de una comunicación oral efectiva así como la importancia de la precisión en la información para llegar a opiniones y decisiones bien informadas. En ese proceso, los estudiantes recurrieron a una amplia gama de estrategias verbales y no verbales de presentación oral que les hizo desarrollar sub-habilidades necesarias para la presentación oral exitosa de información. El progreso en los procesos de comunicación oral de los estudiantes contribuyó significativamente a un mejor clima social en el salón de clase para el aprendizaje.

Author Biography

Fernando Parga Herrera, IED Fabio Lozano Simonelli; Uniempresarial

Fernando Parga holds a B.A in Philology and Languages from Universidad Libre, and a masters degree in Applied Linguistics toTEFL from Universidad Distrital. He is an official translator and language teacher for the Secretary of Education in Bogotá at IED Fabio Lozano Simonelli, and teaches ESP at Uniempresarial.

References

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How to Cite

APA

Parga Herrera, F. (2011). Cooperative structures of interaction in a public school EFL classroom in Bogotá. Colombian Applied Linguistics Journal, 13(1), 20–34. https://doi.org/10.14483/22487085.2929

ACM

[1]
Parga Herrera, F. 2011. Cooperative structures of interaction in a public school EFL classroom in Bogotá. Colombian Applied Linguistics Journal. 13, 1 (Jan. 2011), 20–34. DOI:https://doi.org/10.14483/22487085.2929.

ACS

(1)
Parga Herrera, F. Cooperative structures of interaction in a public school EFL classroom in Bogotá. Colomb. appl. linguist. j 2011, 13, 20-34.

ABNT

PARGA HERRERA, F. Cooperative structures of interaction in a public school EFL classroom in Bogotá. Colombian Applied Linguistics Journal, [S. l.], v. 13, n. 1, p. 20–34, 2011. DOI: 10.14483/22487085.2929. Disponível em: https://revistas.udistrital.edu.co/index.php/calj/article/view/2929. Acesso em: 30 nov. 2022.

Chicago

Parga Herrera, Fernando. 2011. “Cooperative structures of interaction in a public school EFL classroom in Bogotá”. Colombian Applied Linguistics Journal 13 (1):20-34. https://doi.org/10.14483/22487085.2929.

Harvard

Parga Herrera, F. (2011) “Cooperative structures of interaction in a public school EFL classroom in Bogotá”, Colombian Applied Linguistics Journal, 13(1), pp. 20–34. doi: 10.14483/22487085.2929.

IEEE

[1]
F. Parga Herrera, “Cooperative structures of interaction in a public school EFL classroom in Bogotá”, Colomb. appl. linguist. j, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 20–34, Jan. 2011.

MLA

Parga Herrera, F. “Cooperative structures of interaction in a public school EFL classroom in Bogotá”. Colombian Applied Linguistics Journal, vol. 13, no. 1, Jan. 2011, pp. 20-34, doi:10.14483/22487085.2929.

Turabian

Parga Herrera, Fernando. “Cooperative structures of interaction in a public school EFL classroom in Bogotá”. Colombian Applied Linguistics Journal 13, no. 1 (January 1, 2011): 20–34. Accessed November 30, 2022. https://revistas.udistrital.edu.co/index.php/calj/article/view/2929.

Vancouver

1.
Parga Herrera F. Cooperative structures of interaction in a public school EFL classroom in Bogotá. Colomb. appl. linguist. j [Internet]. 2011Jan.1 [cited 2022Nov.30];13(1):20-34. Available from: https://revistas.udistrital.edu.co/index.php/calj/article/view/2929

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