DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14483/22487085.3772

Published:

2011-07-01

Issue:

Vol 13, No 2 (2011) July-December

Section:

Reflections on Praxis

Discourse intonation and systemic functional phonology

Entonación en el discurso y la fonología sistémico funcional

Authors

  • Miriam P. Germani Universidad Nacional de La Pampa
  • Lucía Rivas Universidad Nacional de La Pampa

Keywords:

entonación, tonalidad, tonicidad y tono, entonación del discurso, conversación, enseñanza (es).

Keywords:

intonation, tonality, tonicity and tone, discourse intonation, conversation, teaching (en).

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Abstract (en)

This paper is a reflection on praxis which addresses the phonological stratum as an integral part of the language system. As EFL teacher trainers, we often find that students isolate the different meaning-creating components of language as a natural result of the way courses are organized at university level. It is in the spirit of helping students integrate the various aspects of language and context that we have set out to compare David Brazil, Malcolm Coulthard and Catherine Johns’s Discourse Intonation model –which we have been working with for more than ten years– with the intonation approach in Systemic Functional Linguistics, by M.A.K. Halliday and William Greaves. We observe the theoretical similarities between the two approaches in order to see how they may supplement one another. Then, we analyse a conversation taken from a film following both theoretical approaches, and draw conclusions in the light of the comparison. Our preliminary results show that the two approaches explain the meanings conveyed with reference to different meaning-making resources. Brazil et al. explain the meanings at risk in the interaction according to the phonological systems they describe (prominence, tone, key and termination). Halliday and Greaves do so by referring to the phonological and lexico-grammatical strata in combination.

Abstract (es)

Este trabajo es una reflexión sobre la práctica que estudia el estrato fonológico como parte integral del sistema de la lengua. Como docentes de Profesorado de Inglés como lengua extranjera, a menudo observamos que los estudiantes tienden a aislar los diferentes elementos lingüísticos que componen el significado de la lengua como consecuencia natural del modo en el que se segmentan los contenidos en los cursos universitarios. Con el objetivo de contribuir a que los estudiantes integren los distintos aspectos del lenguaje y el contexto, nos abocamos a la comparación de los sistemas fonológicos propuestos por David Brazil, Malcolm Coulthard y Catherine Johns –que hemos seguido en los últimos años– y por M.A.K. Halliday y William Greaves. Exploramos las similitudes teóricas de los dos enfoques para evaluar sus contribuciones en vistas a una visión más integrada de la fonología. Por lo tanto, analizamos una conversación tomada de una película según ambos enfoques y llegamos a conclusiones a la luz de la comparación. Nuestros resultados preliminares muestran que ambos enfoques explican los significados transmitidos con referencia a distintos recursos de sentido. Brazil et al. explican los significados en juego en la interacción según los sistemas fonológicos que ellos describen (prominence, tone, key y termination). Halliday y Greaves lo hacen con referencia a una combinación entre los estratos fonológico y léxico-gramatical.

References

Boersma, P. & Weenink, D. (1992-2011). Praat. Doing phonetics by computer (Version 5.2.20) [Software]. Available from http://www.fon.hum.uva.nl/praat/

Brazil, D., Coulthard, M. & Johns, C. (1980). Discourse intonation and language teaching. London, England: Longman.

Brazil, D. (1995). A grammar of speech. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.

Brazil, D. (1997). The Communicative value of intonation in English. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.

Halliday, M.A.K. & Greaves, W.S. (2008). Intonation in the grammar of English. London, England: Equinox.

Halliday, M.A.K. & Mathiessen, C. (2004). An introduction to functional grammar. London, England: Arnold.

Kenworthy, D., Bevan, T., Fellner, E. & Curtis, R. (Producers), & Newell, M. (Director). (1994) Four weddings and a funeral [Motion picture]. United Kingdom: PolyGram Filmed Entertainment.

How to Cite

APA

Germani, M. P., & Rivas, L. (2011). Discourse intonation and systemic functional phonology. Colombian Applied Linguistics Journal, 13(2), 100–113. https://doi.org/10.14483/22487085.3772

ACM

[1]
Germani, M.P. and Rivas, L. 2011. Discourse intonation and systemic functional phonology. Colombian Applied Linguistics Journal. 13, 2 (Jul. 2011), 100–113. DOI:https://doi.org/10.14483/22487085.3772.

ACS

(1)
Germani, M. P.; Rivas, L. Discourse intonation and systemic functional phonology. Colomb. appl. linguist. j 2011, 13, 100-113.

ABNT

GERMANI, M. P.; RIVAS, L. Discourse intonation and systemic functional phonology. Colombian Applied Linguistics Journal, [S. l.], v. 13, n. 2, p. 100–113, 2011. DOI: 10.14483/22487085.3772. Disponível em: https://revistas.udistrital.edu.co/index.php/calj/article/view/3772. Acesso em: 18 oct. 2021.

Chicago

Germani, Miriam P., and Lucía Rivas. 2011. “Discourse intonation and systemic functional phonology”. Colombian Applied Linguistics Journal 13 (2):100-113. https://doi.org/10.14483/22487085.3772.

Harvard

Germani, M. P. and Rivas, L. (2011) “Discourse intonation and systemic functional phonology”, Colombian Applied Linguistics Journal, 13(2), pp. 100–113. doi: 10.14483/22487085.3772.

IEEE

[1]
M. P. Germani and L. Rivas, “Discourse intonation and systemic functional phonology”, Colomb. appl. linguist. j, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 100–113, Jul. 2011.

MLA

Germani, M. P., and L. Rivas. “Discourse intonation and systemic functional phonology”. Colombian Applied Linguistics Journal, vol. 13, no. 2, July 2011, pp. 100-13, doi:10.14483/22487085.3772.

Turabian

Germani, Miriam P., and Lucía Rivas. “Discourse intonation and systemic functional phonology”. Colombian Applied Linguistics Journal 13, no. 2 (July 1, 2011): 100–113. Accessed October 18, 2021. https://revistas.udistrital.edu.co/index.php/calj/article/view/3772.

Vancouver

1.
Germani MP, Rivas L. Discourse intonation and systemic functional phonology. Colomb. appl. linguist. j [Internet]. 2011Jul.1 [cited 2021Oct.18];13(2):100-13. Available from: https://revistas.udistrital.edu.co/index.php/calj/article/view/3772

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