Autoethnography as a research method: Advantages, limitations and criticisms
Abstract (en_US)The aim of this article is to review the literature on autoethnography as a research method. It will first describe what is meant by autoethnography, or evocative narratives, and consider the particular features of this type of method. The paper will go on to explore the advantages, limitations and criticisms this research method has endured since its emergence during the 1980s. Finally, the different approaches to the evaluation of autoethnography will be reviewed.
nderson, L. (2006). Analytic autoethnography. Journal
of Contemporary Ethnography, 35,373-395.
Atkinson, P. (1997). Narrative turn or blind alley?Qualitative Health Research, 7, 325-344.
Barkhuizen, G., & Wette, R. (2008). Narrative frames for
investigating the experiences oflanguage teachers.
System, 36, 372-387.
Bochner, A. P., & Ellis, C. (1996). Talking over ethnography. In C. Ellis & A. P. Bochner (Eds.), Composing Ethnography: Alternative Forms of Qualitative
Writing (pp. 13-45).Walnut Creek, CA: Alta Mira
Bochner, A. P., & Ellis, C. (2006). Communication as
autoethnography. In G. J. Shepherd J. S. John & T.
Striphas (Eds.), Communication as ...: Perspectives
on theory (pp. 13-21). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Bryman, A. (2008). Social research methods (3rd ed)
Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Clandinin, D. J., & Connelly, F. M. (2000).Narrative inquiry: Experience and story inqualitative research.
San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Coffey, A. (1999).The ethnographic self. London: Sage
Connelly, F. M., & Clandinin, D. J. (1999). Narrative inquiry. In J. P. Keeves & G. Lakomski (Eds.),Issues in
Educational Research (pp. 132–40). Oxford: Elsevier
Méndez M., (2013) Colomb. Appl. Linguist. J.
ISSN 0123-4641 • Bogotá, Colombia. Pages 279 - 287
Cresswell, J. W. (2009).Research design: Qualitative,
quantitative and mixed-methodsapproaches.London: Sage. Reed-Danahay, D. E. (1997). Introduction. In D. E. Reed-Danahay (Ed.),Auto/ethnography:
Rewriting the self and the social (pp. 1-17). Oxford:
Denzin, N. K. (1989).Interpretive biography. Newbury
Park, CA: Sage.
Denzin, N. K. (1997).Interpretive ethnography: Ethnographic practices for the 21st century. London: Sage.
Denzin, N. K., & Lincoln, Y. S. (2000). Introduction: The
discipline and practice ofqualitative research. In N.
K. Denzin & Y. S. Lincoln (Eds.),Handbook of qualitativeresearch (pp. 1-28). London: Sage.
Ellis, C., & Bochner, A. P. (2000). Autoethnography, personal narrative, reflexivity: Researcher as subject.
In N. K. Denzin & Y. S. Lincoln (Eds.), Handbook of
Qualitative Research (pp. 733-768). London: Sage.
Ellis, C. (2000). Creating criteria: An ethnographic short
story. Qualitative Inquiry, 6, 273-277.
Ellis, C. (2004). The ethnographic I: A methodological
novel about autoethnography. Walnut Creek, CA:
Ellis, C. (2007). Telling secrets, revealing lives: Relational
ethics in research with intimate others. Qualitative
Inquiry, 13, 3-29.
Ellis, C., Bochner, A. P., Denzin, N. K., JR., H. L. B. G.,
Pelias, R., & Richardson, L. (2007). Coda: Talking and
thinking about qualitative research. In N. K. Denzin,
& M. D. Giardina (Eds.), Ethical Futures in Qualitative
Research: Decolonizing the Politics of Knowledge
(pp. 229-267). Walnut Creek, CA: Left Coast Press.
Flick, U. (2002).An introduction to qualitative research.
Foley, D. E. (2002). Critical ethnography: The reflexive
turn.Qualitative Studies inEducation, 15,469-490.
Foster, K., McAllister, M., & O’Brien, L. (2006). Extending
the boundaries: Autoethnographyas an emergent
method in mental health nursing research.International Journal of Mental Health, 15, 44-53.
Freebody, P. (2003).Qualitative research in education.
Hitchcock, G., & Hughes, D. (1995). Research and the
teacher. (2 ed.) London: Routledge.
Holt, N. L. (2003). Representation, legitimation, and
autoethnography: An autoethnographic writing
story. International Journal of Qualitative Methods,
Kyratzis, A., & Green, J. (1997). Jointly constructed narratives in classrooms: Co- Construction of friendship
and community through language. Teaching and
Teacher Education, 13,17-37.
Macalister, J. (2012). Narrative frames and needs analysis.System, 40, 120-128.
Marshall, C., & Rossman, G. B. (1999).Designing qualitative research.Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Masako, K. (2013). Gaps too large: Four novice EFL
teachers’ self-concept and motivation. Teaching
and Teacher Education, 33, 45-55.
Maso, L. (2001). Phenomenology and ethnography. In
P. Atkinson, A. Coffey, S. Delamont, J. Lofland, &
L. Lofland (Eds.), Handbook of ethnography(pp.
-144). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
McIlveen, P. (2008). Autoethnography as a method for
reflexive research and practice invocational psychology. Australian Journal of Career Development,
Megford, K. (2006). Caught with a fake ID: Ethical questions about slippage in autoethnography. Qualitative
Inquiry, 12, 853-864.
Méndez , M. G. (2012). The emotional experience of
learning English as a foreign language: Mexican
ELT students’ voices on motivation. México, DF: La
Méndez, M. G., & Peña, A. (2013). Emotions as learning
enhancers of foreign language learning motivation.
PROFILE Journal, 15, 109-124.
Merriam, B. S. (2009).Qualitative research: A guide to
design and implementation.San Francisco, CA:
Miller, T., & Bell, L. (2002). Consenting to what? Issues
of access, gatekeeping and ‘informed consent’. In
M. Mauthner, M. Birch, J. Jessop, & T. Miller (Eds.),
Ethics in Qualitative Research(pp. 53-69). London:
Nekvapil, J. (2003). Language biographies and the analysis of language situations: On the lifeof the German
community in the Czech Republic.International
Journal of theSociology of Language, 162,63-83.
Pavlenko, A. (2002). Narrative study: whose story is it
anyway? TESOL Quarterly, 36,213- 218
Pavlenko, A. (2007). Autobiographic narratives as data in
applied linguistics. Applied Linguistics, 28, 63-188.
Colomb. Appl. Linguist. J.
ISSN 0123-4641 • June -December 2013. Vol. 15 • Number 2 • Bogotá, Colombia. p. 279 - 287
Autoethnography as a research method: Advantages, limitations and criticisms
Plummer, K. (2001). The call of life stories in ethnographic
research. In P. Atkinson, A. Coffey, S. Delamont, J.
Lofland, & L. Lofland(Eds.), Handbook of ethnography (pp. 395-406). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage
Richards, R. (2008). Writing the othered self: Autoethnography and the problem of objectification in writing
about illness and disability. Qualitative Health Research, 1, 1717-1728.
Richardson, L. (2000a).Evaluating ethnography. Qualitative Inquiry, 6, 253-255.
Richardson, L. (2000b). Introduction-Assessing alternative modes of qualitative and ethnographic research:
How do we judge? Who judges? Qualitative Inquiry,
Ruohotie-Lyhty, M. (2013). Struggling for a professional
identity: Two newly qualified language teachers’
identity narratives during the first years at work.
Teaching and Teacher Education, 30, 120-129.
Silverman, D. (2000). Doing qualitative research: A practical handbook. London: Sage.
Sparkes, A. C. (2000). Autoethnography and narratives
of self: Reflections on criteria in action.Sociology
of Sport Journal, 17, 21-43.
Walford, G. (2004). Finding the limits: Autoethnography
and being and Oxford Universityproctor.Qualitative
Research, 4, 403-417.
Wall, S. (2008). Easier said than done: Writing an autoethnography. International Journal of Qualitative
Wolcott, H. F. (1994).Transforming qualitative data.
Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Wyatt, J. (2006). Psychic distance, consent, and other
ethical issues. Qualitative Inquiry, 12,813-818.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Attribution — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.
NonCommercial — You may not use the material for commercial purposes.
NoDerivatives — If you remix, transform, or build upon the material, you may not distribute the modified material.
The journal allow the author(s) to hold the copyright without restrictions. Also, The Colombian Apllied Linguistics Journal will allow the author(s) to retain publishing rights without restrictions.