The effect of communicative activities on EFL learners’ motivation: a case of students in the Amazon region of Ecuador

Efecto de actividades comunicativas en la motivación de aprendices del inglés: un caso de estudiantes en la región amazónica del Ecuador

  • César Ochoa Universidad Técnica Particular de Loja
  • Paola Cabrera Universidad Técnica Particular de Loja
  • Ana Quiñónez Universidad Técnica Particular de Loja
  • Luz Castillo Universidad Técnica Particular de Loja
  • Paúl González Universidad Técnica Particular de Loja
Keywords: communicative activities, learner’s motivation, EFL learning and teaching, communicative language teaching. (en_US)
Keywords: actividades comunicativas, enseñanza comunicativa del idioma, enseñanza y aprendizaje de inglés como lengua extranjera, motivación del estudiante (es_ES)

Abstract (en_US)

This study sought to shed light on the relationship between communicative activities and their impact on students’ motivation to learn English as a Foreign Language (EFL). A total of 180 senior high school learners (86 male and 94 female) and 8 EFL teachers in a town of the Amazon region of Ecuador completed a questionnaire. A sample of these students and all of the teachers participated in a face-to-face interview. Both instruments were applied to obtain data concerned with use of communicative activities in the classroom and their relation with motivation. The data gathered was analyzed using a mixed-method approach, comprising quantitative and qualitative methods. Results showed that students and teachers believe that communicative activities are motivating. Furthermore, students feel highly motivated when participating in communicative activities because these enhance their fluency, pronunciation, and performance in the use of English in a realistic and enjoyable way since students are confident when they help each other during interaction in activities.

Abstract (es_ES)

El presente estudio pretende determinar la relación entre las actividades comunicativas y su impacto en la motivación de los estudiantes para aprender inglés como lengua extranjera. Para el efecto participaron 180 estudiantes de bachillerato (86 hombres y 94 mujeres), así como 8 docentes de inglés de una localidad de la región amazónica del Ecuador, quienes completaron un cuestionario; además, una muestra de los estudiantes y todos los docentes fueron entrevistados. Tanto la entrevista como la encuesta fueron aplicadas con la finalidad de obtener información acerca de las actividades comunicativas utilizadas en el aula y su relación con la motivación. Los datos obtenidos fueron analizados utilizando una combinación de métodos cuantitativos y cualitativos. Según los resultados, tanto docentes como estudiantes consideran que las actividades comunicativas son motivadoras. Adicionalmente, los estudiantes se muestran altamente motivados cuando participan en actividades comunicativas porque estas desarrollan su fluidez, pronunciación y desenvolvimiento en el uso del inglés en un ambiente real y ameno ya que los estudiantes se sienten más confiados cuando se ayudan entre ellos al interactuar en las actividades.

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Author Biographies

César Ochoa, Universidad Técnica Particular de Loja
César Ochoa holds a Master’s Degree in Teaching English as a Foreign Language at NOVA Southeastern University of Florida U.S.A. He currently works for Universidad Técnica Particular de Loja (UTPL) in Ecuador. He has worked as an EFL teacher for about 15 years. He has been the Head of the Research and Services English Center at UTPL and he has been co-author of two indexed journals.
Paola Cabrera, Universidad Técnica Particular de Loja

Paola Cabrera has been an English professor at Universidad Técnica Particular de Loja (UTPL) for about ten years. Master of Science in Teaching English as a Foreign Language from Nova Southeastern University of Florida U.S.A. Master in Distance Education from UTPL. She currently serves as a member of the Academic board of the Education Department and has been Co-author of two indexed articles and a book chapter.

Ana Quiñónez, Universidad Técnica Particular de Loja

Ana Quiñónez is a professor at the Education Department of Universidad Técnica Particular de Loja, at the faculty of English. She has a Doctoral degree in Educational Research from Universidad Nacional de Loja. She has 10 years of teaching experience at the higher education level and has been Co-author of two important indexed articles.

Luz Castillo, Universidad Técnica Particular de Loja

Luz Castillo, Master of Science in Teaching English as a Foreign Language at Nova Southeastern University of Florida   U.S.A. Master of Teaching English as a Foreign Language at Universidad Técnica Particular de Loja (UTPL), Ecuador. Professor for eleven years at UTPL and member of the Academic Board of the Education Department. Member of the EFL Teachers’ Network in Ecuador. Co-author of two indexed articles and a book chapter.

Paúl González, Universidad Técnica Particular de Loja

Paúl González. Master of Science in Teaching English as a Foreign Language at Nova Southeastern University of Florida   U.S.A. Master of Teaching English as a Foreign Language at UTPL. Doctoral student in Language Acquisition at the Basque Country University, Spain. Professor for eleven years at Universidad Técnica Particular de Loja (UTPL), Ecuador. Co-author of two articles in indexed journals.

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How to Cite
Ochoa, C., Cabrera, P., Quiñónez, A., Castillo, L., & González, P. (2016). The effect of communicative activities on EFL learners’ motivation: a case of students in the Amazon region of Ecuador. Colombian Applied Linguistics Journal, 18(2), 39-48. https://doi.org/10.14483/calj.v18n2.10018
Published: 2016-07-18
Section
Research Articles