Published:

2022-08-22

Issue:

Vol. 24 No. 2 (2022): July-December

Section:

Research Articles

Towards a Working Definition of Negotiation in Telecollaboration: Analysis of Teletandem Oral Sessions

Hacia una definición funcional de la negociación en la telecolaboración: análisis de sesiones de teletandem oral

Authors

  • Solange Aranha Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8092-1875
  • Laura Rampazzo Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia de São Paulo

Keywords:

MulTeC, negotiation, telecollaboration, virtual exchange (en).

Keywords:

corpus multimodal de teletandem (MulTeC), negociación, telecolaboración, intercambio virtual (es).

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Abstract (en)

As digital techonology advances, geographically distant learners have been engaging in cross-cultural communication and negotiation via telecollaborative projects. Research has shown that negotiation of meaning is crucial for effective communication in these scenarios, nonetheless, more studies are needed to investigate other types of negotiation, given its importance for establishing cooperation. This paper aims at exploring the negotiation patterns between dyads in 10 sessions selected from Multimodal Teletandem Corpus and provides a working definition of negotiation in telecollaboration. Participants, who were university students in Brazil and abroad and were enrolled in language classes, met online to help with practicing each other’s language and were expected to exchange information about themselves in the first synchronous session. Through a qualitative analysis of the transcripts of the 10 sessions, we identified moments in which the conversation was suspended to negotiate meaning, technology issues, separation of languages, and aspects related to the tasks requested by their professors. Our analysis shows that negotiation in telecollaboration may be motivated by aspects internal to the conversation, such as meaning, or by external factors, as with problems with equipments, tasks, or with deciding the language to speak. Findings suggest that negotiation serves an essential purpose as it allows participants to make collaborative decisions and resolve conflicts that, otherwise, could prevent conversation to continue. Results may prove useful for researchers and practicioners interested in telecollaboration, who design and guide participants through learning in such contexts.

Abstract (es)

A medida que avanza la tecnología digital, los estudiantes geográficamente distantes se han involucrado en la comunicación y negociación intercultural a través de proyectos de telecolaboración. Las investigaciones han demostrado que la negociación de significados es crucial para la comunicación efectiva en estos escenarios, sin embargo, se necesitan más estudios para investigar otros tipos de negociación, dada su importancia para el establecimiento de la cooperación. Este artículo tiene como objetivo explorar los patrones de negociación entre pares en 10 sesiones seleccionadas de Multimodal Teletandem Corpus y propone una definición de negociación en telecolaboración. Los participantes, que eran estudiantes universitarios en Brasil y en el extranjero y estaban inscritos en clases de idiomas, se reunieron en línea para ayudar a practicar el idioma de los demás y se esperaba que intercambiaran información sobre ellos mismos en la primera sesión sincrónica. A través de un análisis cualitativo de las transcripciones de las 10 sesiones, identificamos momentos en los que se suspendió la conversación para negociar significados, cuestiones tecnológicas, separación de lenguas y aspectos relacionados con las tareas solicitadas por sus profesores. Nuestro análisis muestra que la negociación en la telecolaboración puede estar motivada por aspectos internos de la conversación, como el significado, o por factores externos, como problemas con los equipos, tareas o con la decisión del idioma a hablar. Los hallazgos sugieren que la negociación tiene un propósito esencial, ya que permite a los participantes tomar decisiones colaborativas y resolver conflictos que, de lo contrario, podrían impedir que la conversación continúe. Los resultados pueden ser útiles para los investigadores y profesionales interesados ​​en la telecolaboración, que diseñan y guían a los participantes a través del aprendizaje en dichos contextos.

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How to Cite

APA

Aranha, S., & Rampazzo, L. (2022). Towards a Working Definition of Negotiation in Telecollaboration: Analysis of Teletandem Oral Sessions. Colombian Applied Linguistics Journal, 24(2). Retrieved from https://revistas.udistrital.edu.co/index.php/calj/article/view/17191

ACM

[1]
Aranha, S. and Rampazzo, L. 2022. Towards a Working Definition of Negotiation in Telecollaboration: Analysis of Teletandem Oral Sessions. Colombian Applied Linguistics Journal. 24, 2 (Aug. 2022).

ACS

(1)
Aranha, S.; Rampazzo, L. Towards a Working Definition of Negotiation in Telecollaboration: Analysis of Teletandem Oral Sessions. Colomb. appl. linguist. j 2022, 24.

ABNT

ARANHA, S.; RAMPAZZO, L. Towards a Working Definition of Negotiation in Telecollaboration: Analysis of Teletandem Oral Sessions. Colombian Applied Linguistics Journal, [S. l.], v. 24, n. 2, 2022. Disponível em: https://revistas.udistrital.edu.co/index.php/calj/article/view/17191. Acesso em: 6 oct. 2022.

Chicago

Aranha, Solange, and Laura Rampazzo. 2022. “Towards a Working Definition of Negotiation in Telecollaboration: Analysis of Teletandem Oral Sessions”. Colombian Applied Linguistics Journal 24 (2). https://revistas.udistrital.edu.co/index.php/calj/article/view/17191.

Harvard

Aranha, S. and Rampazzo, L. (2022) “Towards a Working Definition of Negotiation in Telecollaboration: Analysis of Teletandem Oral Sessions”, Colombian Applied Linguistics Journal, 24(2). Available at: https://revistas.udistrital.edu.co/index.php/calj/article/view/17191 (Accessed: 6October2022).

IEEE

[1]
S. Aranha and L. Rampazzo, “Towards a Working Definition of Negotiation in Telecollaboration: Analysis of Teletandem Oral Sessions”, Colomb. appl. linguist. j, vol. 24, no. 2, Aug. 2022.

MLA

Aranha, S., and L. Rampazzo. “Towards a Working Definition of Negotiation in Telecollaboration: Analysis of Teletandem Oral Sessions”. Colombian Applied Linguistics Journal, vol. 24, no. 2, Aug. 2022, https://revistas.udistrital.edu.co/index.php/calj/article/view/17191.

Turabian

Aranha, Solange, and Laura Rampazzo. “Towards a Working Definition of Negotiation in Telecollaboration: Analysis of Teletandem Oral Sessions”. Colombian Applied Linguistics Journal 24, no. 2 (August 22, 2022). Accessed October 6, 2022. https://revistas.udistrital.edu.co/index.php/calj/article/view/17191.

Vancouver

1.
Aranha S, Rampazzo L. Towards a Working Definition of Negotiation in Telecollaboration: Analysis of Teletandem Oral Sessions. Colomb. appl. linguist. j [Internet]. 2022Aug.22 [cited 2022Oct.6];24(2). Available from: https://revistas.udistrital.edu.co/index.php/calj/article/view/17191

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