DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14483/23448393.18228

Published:

2022-11-20

Issue:

Vol. 28 No. 1 (2023): January-April

Section:

Industrial Engineering

Costs of Timber Houses in Different Standards and Productions in Brazil

Costos de casas en madera en diferentes estándares y producciones de Brasil

Authors

Keywords:

construction, housing, timber industry, building standard, cost, interview (en).

Keywords:

construcción, habitación, industria de la madera, estándar de construcción, costo, entrevista (es).

Downloads

Abstract (en)

Context: Timber construction is not among the most popular options due to cultural issues in Brazil. Timber housing standards and costs remain uncertain subjects, and this study seeks to investigate these secular gaps.

Method: Basic unitary costs for different finishing standards and production types were measured through face-to-face interviews led by a semi-structured questionnaire. A margin of error was used to validate all results. Entrepreneurs from six Brazilian states were randomly interviewed to obtain a representative sample.

Results: The sampling exceeded 50% of the sector population and provided significant outcomes. More than 40% of timber housing techniques showed competitive costs in comparison with masonry. There are feasible alternatives of timber housing for the different scenarios analyzed.

Conclusions: Timber houses are economically viable in Brazil, even compared to traditional examples built via masonry. Attractive costs for all social classes symbolize a strong factor in conquering housing markets.

Abstract (es)

Contexto: La construcción en madera no está entre las opciones más populares debido a problemas culturales en Brasil. Los estándares y costos de la habitación en madera siguen siendo temas inciertos, y este estudio busca investigar estas brechas seculares.

Método: Los costos unitarios básicos para diferentes estándares de acabado y tipos de producción se midieron a través de entrevistas cara a cara dirigidas por un cuestionario semiestructurado. Se utilizó un margen de error para validar todos los resultados. Se entrevistó aleatoriamente a empresarios de seis estados brasileños para obtener una muestra representativa.

Resultados: El muestreo superó el 50 % de la población del sector y proporcionó resultados significativos. Más del 40 % de las técnicas de construcción en madera mostraron costos competitivos en comparación con la albañilería. Existen alternativas viables de vivienda en madera en los diferentes escenarios analizados.

Conclusiones: Las casas de madera son económicamente viables en Brasil, incluso en comparación con los ejemplos tradicionales construidos en albañilería. Los costos atractivos para todas las clases sociales simbolizan un factor fuerte en la conquista de los mercados inmobiliarios.

Author Biography

Victor Almeida De Araujo, São Paulo State University

Investigador Doctor en Productos Forestales

Ingeniero Industrial de la Madera y Doctor en Ciencias de los Recursos Forestales.

References

V. A. De Araujo et al., “Wooden residential buildings – A sustainable approach,” Bull. Transilv. Univ. Bras. II: For. Wood Ind. Agric. Food Eng., vol. 9, no. 58, pp. 53-62, 2016.

A. Sujová, P. Hlaváčková, and K. Marcineková, “The trade competitiveness of furniture products,” Drewno, vol. 58, pp. 101-115, 2015. https://doi.org/10.12841/wood.1644-3985.104.09

American Institute of Timber Construction, Timber Construction Manual, 6th ed., Hoboken, NJ, USA: Wiley, 2012.

L. V. Buonfiglio, “Housing of social interest,” Mercator, vol. 17, p. 1-16, 2018. https://doi.org/10.4215/rm2018.e17004

IBGE, Atlas do censo demográfico 2010, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: IBGE, 2013.

J. Piqué Del Pozo, Manual de diseño para maderas del grupo Andino, 1st ed., Lima, Peru: PADT/REFORT, 1984.

J. Natterer, J. L. Sandoz, and M. Rey, Construction en bois: matériau, technologie et dimensionnement, 1st ed., Lausanne, Switzerland: PPUR, 2004.

R. L. Mello, “Projetar em madeira: uma nova abordagem,” Master’s thesis, Univ. Brasilia, Brazil, 2007. [Online]. Available: https://repositorio.unb.br/handle/10482/3133

Y. Benoit and T. Paradis, Construction de maisons à ossature bois, 4th ed., Saint-Germain, France: Eyrolles, 2008.

F. Ching, Técnicas de construção ilustradas, 4th ed., Porto Alegre, Brazil: Brookman, 2010.

T. Herzog, J. Natterer, R. Schweitzer, M. Volz, and W. Winter, Timber construction manual, 1st ed., Basel, Switzerland: Birkhäuser, 2012.

L. Morgado, M. C. Guedes, J. G. Ferreira, and H. Cruz, “Classificação de sistemas de construção em madeira para habitação,” in IV Cong. Nac. Const., Coimbra, Portugal, 2012, pp. 1-12.

P. Neufert, and L. Neff, Casa • apartamento • jardim: projetar com conhecimento • construir corretamente. 2nd ed., Barcelona, Spain: Gustavo Gili, 2012.

M. Fuchs and J. Mussier, Construire avec le bois, 1st ed., Paris, France: Le Moniteur, 2019.

V. A. De Araujo et al., “Classification of wooden housing building systems,” BioResources, vol. 11, pp. 7889-7901, 2016. https://doi.org/10.15376/biores.11.3.DeAraujo

V. A. De Araujo, C. M. Gutiérrez-Aguilar, J. Cortez-Barbosa, M. Gava, and J. N. Garcia, “Disponibilidad de las técnicas constructivas de habitación en madera, en Brasil,” Rev. Arq., vol. 21, pp. 68-75, 2019. https://doi.org/10.14718/RevArq.2019.21.1.2014

E. A. Kuhn and P. F. Nerbas, “CUB e projetos-padrão pela NBR 12721,” in Avaliação de imóveis e perícias, E. A. Kuhn, L. P. Pereira, and P. F. Nerbas, eds., Curitiba, Brazil: IESDE, 2009, pp. 39-46.

Presidência da República, Decreto lei n. 4591, 1964. [Online]. Available: http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/leis/l4591.htm

ABNT NRT, Avaliação de custos unitários de construção para incorporação imobiliária e outras disposições para condomínios edilícios – procedimento, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: ABNT, 2006.

S. Sakuragawa, “Change in the impression of rooms with interior wood finishes arranged differently: questionnaire survey with the use of photographs for the analysis of impressions of rooms concerning living activities,” J. Wood Sci., vol. 52, pp. 290-294, 2006. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10086-005-0764-1

W. Fujisaki, M. Tokita, and K. Kariya, “Perception of the material properties of wood based on vision, audition and touch,” Vision Res., vol. 109, pp. 185-200, 2015. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.visres.2014.11.020

G. Janin, J. Goncalez, R. Ananías, B. Charrier, G. F. Silva, and A. Dilem, A. “Aesthetics appreciation of wood colour and patterns by col-orymetry. Part 1. Colorimetry theory for the Cielab system,” Maderas-Cienc. Tecnol., vol. 3, pp. 3-13, 2001. https://doi.org/10.4067/S0718-221X2001000100001

J. Rice, R. A. Kozak, M. J. Meitner, and D. H. Cohen, “Appearance wood products and psychological well-being,” Wood Fiber Sci., vol. 38, pp. 644-659, 2006.

A. Manuel, R. Leonhart, O. Broman, and G. Becker, “Consumers’ perceptions and preference profiles for wood surfaces tested with pairwise comparison in Germany,” Ann. For. Sci., vol. 72, pp. 741-751, 2015. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13595-014-0452-7

C. P. Szücs, “Sistema Stella-UFSC: avaliação e desenvolvimento de sistema construtivo em madeira de reflorestamento voltado para programas de habitação social,” in Coletânea Habitare, 1st ed, L. C. Bonin and S. R. Amorim, eds., 1st ed., Porto Alegre, Brazil: Antac, 2006, pp. 66-115.

L. Lung and M. Shaurette, “Working collaboratively in design and construction to encourage green building construction for Peru,” Rev. Ing. Const., vol. 33, pp. 183-192, 2018. https://doi.org/10.4067/S0718-50732018000200183

A. Friedman, “Prefabrication versus conventional construction in single‐family wood‐frame housing,” Build. Res. Inf., vol. 20, pp. 226-228, 1992. https://doi.org/10.1080/09613219208727210

A. M. Hualpa and C. A. López, “Algoritmo de dimensionamiento de almacenes para empresas de edificación en el sector de la construc-ción,” Ing., vol. 20, pp. 189-208, 2015. https://doi.org/10.14483/udistrital.jour.reving.2015.2.a02

J. P. Frigo and D. S. Silveira, “Educação ambiental e construção civil: práticas de gestão de resíduos em Foz do Iguaçu-PR,” REMOA, vol. 9, pp. 1938-1952, 2012. https://doi.org/10.5902/223613085678

F. H. Sabbatini, Alvenaria estrutural: materiais, execução da estrutura e controle tecnológico, Brasília, Brazil: Caixa Econômica Federal, 2003.

V. A. De Araujo, J. C. Biazzon, J. Cortez-Barbosa, E. A. M. Morales, M. Gava, and J. N. Garcia, “Timber housing production systems in Brazil,” Bull. Transilv. Univ. Bras. II: For. Wood Ind. Agric. Food Eng., vol. 13, no. 62, pp. 69-80, 2020. https://doi.org/10.31926/but.fwiafe.2020.13.62.1.6

G. Pardalis, K. Mahapatra, and B. Mainali, “Swedish construction MSEs: simply renovators or renovation service innovators?,” Build. Res. Inf., vol. 48, pp. 67-83, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1080/09613218.2019.1662713

Sinduscon-MG, Saiba mais: custo unitário básico (CUB/m2), 1st ed., Belo Horizonte, Brazil: Sinduscon-MG, 2013.

A. Fadul, PIB do setor de construção civil caiu 2,7% no 1º trimestre do ano, mostra estudo da FIESP, São Paulo: FIESP, 2015. [Online]. Available: http://www.fiesp.com.br/noticias/pib-do-setor-de-construcao-civil-caiu-27-no-1o-trimestre-do-ano-mostra-estudo-da-fiesp/

D. Forrest, “An analysis of house price differentials between English regions,” Reg. Stud., vol. 25, pp. 231-238, 1991. https://doi.org/10.1080/00343409112331346447

B. Reilly and R. Witt, “Regional house prices and possessions in England and Wales: An empirical analysis,” Reg. Stud., vol. 28, pp. 475-482, 1994. https://doi.org/10.1080/00343409412331348406

R. K. Bissoondeeal, “The links between regional house prices and share prices in the UK,” Reg. Stud., vol. 55, pp. 256-268, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1080/00343404.2020.1795108

IBGE, Sistema nacional de pesquisa de custos e índices da construção civil – SINAPI, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: IBGE, 2017. [Online]. Availa-ble: https://sidra.ibge.gov.br/pesquisa/sinapi/tabelas

V. A. De Araujo et al., “Difficulties of wooden housing production sector in Brazil,” Wood Mater. Sci. Eng., vol. 15, pp. 87-96, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1080/17480272.2018.1484513

Raosoft, “Raosoft Sample Size Calculator,” 2004. [Online]. Available: http://www.raosoft.com/samplesize.html

R. M. Pinheiro, G. C. Castro, H. H. Silva, and J. M. G. Nunes, Pesquisa de mercado, 1st ed., Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: FGV, 2011.

J. D. Wagner, Ultimate guide to house framing: Plan, design, build, 3rd ed., Upper Saddle River, NJ, USA: Creative Homeowner, 2009.

V. A. De Araujo, J. Cortez-Barbosa, J. N. Garcia, M. Gava, C. Laroca, and S. F. César, “Woodframe: Light framing houses for developing countries,” Rev. Const., vol. 15, pp. 78-87, 2016. https://doi.org/10.4067/S0718-915X2016000200008

G.J. Zenid, Madeira: uso sustentável na construção civil, 2nd. ed., São Paulo, Brazil: IPT, 2009.

S. C. Bauch, G. S. Amacher, and F. D. Merry, “Costs of harvesting, transportation and milling in the Brazilian Amazon: Estimation and policy implications,” Forest Policy Econ., vol. 9, p. 903-915, 2007. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.forpol.2006.07.004

S. F. César, “Chapas de madeira para vedação vertical de edificações produzidas industrialmente: projeto conceitual,” Doctoral disserta-tion, Fed. Univ. Santa Catarina, Brazil, 2002. [Online]. Available: https://repositorio.ufsc.br/handle/123456789/83182

K. Imaguire Junior, and M. R. G. Imaguire, A casa de araucária, Volume 1, 1st ed., Curitiba, Brazil: Arquibrasil, 2011.

C. A. Szücs, and F. D. Batista, “A arquitetura de madeira na região de Curitiba: estudo comparativo entre a casa tradicional e contempo-rânea,” in II Enc. Lat.-Amer. Edif. Comun. Sust., Campo Grande, Brazil, 1997, pp. 798-807.

A. C. Hoffmann, and S. C. A. Pelegrini, “A técnica de se construir em madeira: um legado do patrimônio cultural para a cidade de Marin-gá,” in IV Cong. Int. Hist., Maringá, Brazil, 2009, pp. 1-9.

J. E. P. Sánchez, F. A. Martitegui, C. A. Martitegui, M. A. G. Álvarez, F. P. Sánchez, and M. A. R. Nevado, Casas de madera, Madrid, Spain: AITIM, 1995.

M. Sacco and G. C. Stamato, “Light wood frame – construções com estrutura leve de madeira,” Téchne, no. 140, pp. 1-9, 2008.

J. C. Molina and C. Calil Junior, “Sistema construtivo em wood frame para casas de madeira,” Semin., Ciênc. Exatas Tecnol., vol. 31, pp. 143-156, 2010. https://doi.org/10.5433/1679-0375.2010v31n2p143

Tecverde, Como projetar em wood frame: principais características do sistema construtivo wood frame e diretrizes para desenvolvimen-to de projetos arquitetônicos, 1st ed., Curitiba, Brazil: Tecverde, 2011.

C. L. Eisfeld and R. Berger, “Análise das estruturas de mercado das indústrias de painéis de madeira (compensado, MDF e OSB) no Estado do Paraná,” Floresta, vol. 42, pp. 21-34, 2012. https://doi.org/10.5380/rf.v42i1.26289

D. López and T. M. Froese, “Analysis of costs and benefits of panelized and modular prefabricated homes,” Procedia Eng., vol. 145, pp. 1291-1297, 2016. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2016.04.166

K. Orlowski, “Assessment of manufacturing processes for automated timber-based panelised prefabrication,” Buildings, vol. 9, art. 125, 2019. https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings9050125

C. D. Loss, A. P. Gomes, A. G. Goldoni, L. D. Tagliari, and L. S. Maculan, “Valor imobiliário de habitações populares de acordo com pa-drões de acabamento”, in XVI Enc. Nac. Tecnol. Amb. Const., São Paulo, 2016, pp. 5557-5571.

Y. Wang, X. Xue, T. Yu, and Y. Wang, “Mapping the dynamics of China’s prefabricated building policies from 1956 to 2019: A bibliometric analysis,” Build. Res. Inf., vol. 49, pp. 216-233, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1080/09613218.2020.1789444

E. Wiegand, and M. Ramage, “The impact of policy instruments on the first generation of tall wood buildings,” Build. Res. Inf., vol. 50, no. 3, pp. 255-275, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1080/09613218.2021.1905501

J. Carro, F. Flores, I. Flores, and R. Hernández. “Industria 4.0 y manufactura digital: un método de diseño aplicando ingeniería inversa,” Ing., vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 6-28, 2019. https://doi.org/10.14483/23448393.13821

P. Miraj, M. A. Berawi, and S. R. Utami, “Economic feasibility of green office building: Combining life cycle cost analysis and cost-benefit evaluation,” Build. Res. Inf., vol. 49, no. 6, pp. 624-638, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1080/09613218.2021.1896354

FIESP, “Levantamento inédito mostra déficit de 6,2 milhões de moradias no Brasil,” 2016. [Online]. Available: http://www.fiesp.com.br/noticias/levantamento-inedito-mostra-deficit-de-62-milhoes-de-moradias-no-brasil/

How to Cite

APA

Almeida De Araujo, V. ., Vasconcelos De Araujo, F., Souza Vasconcelos, J., Gava, M., Christoforo, A. L., & Garcia, J. N. (2022). Costs of Timber Houses in Different Standards and Productions in Brazil. Ingeniería, 28(1), e18228. https://doi.org/10.14483/23448393.18228

ACM

[1]
Almeida De Araujo, V. , Vasconcelos De Araujo, F., Souza Vasconcelos, J., Gava, M., Christoforo, A.L. and Garcia, J.N. 2022. Costs of Timber Houses in Different Standards and Productions in Brazil. Ingeniería. 28, 1 (Nov. 2022), e18228. DOI:https://doi.org/10.14483/23448393.18228.

ACS

(1)
Almeida De Araujo, V. .; Vasconcelos De Araujo, F.; Souza Vasconcelos, J.; Gava, M.; Christoforo, A. L.; Garcia, J. N. Costs of Timber Houses in Different Standards and Productions in Brazil. Ing. 2022, 28, e18228.

ABNT

ALMEIDA DE ARAUJO, V. .; VASCONCELOS DE ARAUJO, F.; SOUZA VASCONCELOS, J.; GAVA, M.; CHRISTOFORO, A. L.; GARCIA, J. N. Costs of Timber Houses in Different Standards and Productions in Brazil. Ingeniería, [S. l.], v. 28, n. 1, p. e18228, 2022. DOI: 10.14483/23448393.18228. Disponível em: https://revistas.udistrital.edu.co/index.php/reving/article/view/18228. Acesso em: 7 dec. 2022.

Chicago

Almeida De Araujo, Victor, Francisco Vasconcelos De Araujo, Juliano Souza Vasconcelos, Maristela Gava, André Luis Christoforo, and José Nivaldo Garcia. 2022. “Costs of Timber Houses in Different Standards and Productions in Brazil”. Ingeniería 28 (1):e18228. https://doi.org/10.14483/23448393.18228.

Harvard

Almeida De Araujo, V. ., Vasconcelos De Araujo, F., Souza Vasconcelos, J., Gava, M., Christoforo, A. L. and Garcia, J. N. (2022) “Costs of Timber Houses in Different Standards and Productions in Brazil”, Ingeniería, 28(1), p. e18228. doi: 10.14483/23448393.18228.

IEEE

[1]
V. . Almeida De Araujo, F. Vasconcelos De Araujo, J. Souza Vasconcelos, M. Gava, A. L. Christoforo, and J. N. Garcia, “Costs of Timber Houses in Different Standards and Productions in Brazil”, Ing., vol. 28, no. 1, p. e18228, Nov. 2022.

MLA

Almeida De Araujo, V. ., F. Vasconcelos De Araujo, J. Souza Vasconcelos, M. Gava, A. L. Christoforo, and J. N. Garcia. “Costs of Timber Houses in Different Standards and Productions in Brazil”. Ingeniería, vol. 28, no. 1, Nov. 2022, p. e18228, doi:10.14483/23448393.18228.

Turabian

Almeida De Araujo, Victor, Francisco Vasconcelos De Araujo, Juliano Souza Vasconcelos, Maristela Gava, André Luis Christoforo, and José Nivaldo Garcia. “Costs of Timber Houses in Different Standards and Productions in Brazil”. Ingeniería 28, no. 1 (November 20, 2022): e18228. Accessed December 7, 2022. https://revistas.udistrital.edu.co/index.php/reving/article/view/18228.

Vancouver

1.
Almeida De Araujo V, Vasconcelos De Araujo F, Souza Vasconcelos J, Gava M, Christoforo AL, Garcia JN. Costs of Timber Houses in Different Standards and Productions in Brazil. Ing. [Internet]. 2022Nov.20 [cited 2022Dec.7];28(1):e18228. Available from: https://revistas.udistrital.edu.co/index.php/reving/article/view/18228

Download Citation

Visitas

36

Dimensions


PlumX


Downloads

Download data is not yet available.