DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14483/23448393.21583

Published:

2024-05-22

Issue:

Vol. 29 No. 2 (2024): May-August

Section:

Systems Engineering

Inteligencia artificial explicable como principio ético

Explainable Artificial Intelligence as an Ethical Principle

Authors

Keywords:

Artificial intelligence, ethics, ethical principles, explainability, transparency, AI (en).

Keywords:

inteligencia artificial, ética, principios éticos, explicabilidad, transparencia, IA (es).

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Abstract (es)

Contexto: El avance de la inteligencia artificial (IA) ha traído numerosos beneficios en varios campos. Sin embargo, también plantea desafíos éticos que deben ser abordados. Uno de estos es la falta de explicabilidad en los sistemas de IA, i.e., la incapacidad de entender cómo la IA toma decisiones o genera resultados. Esto plantea preguntas sobre la transparencia y la responsabilidad de estas tecnologías. Esta falta de explicabilidad limita la comprensión de la manera en que los sistemas de IA llegan a ciertas conclusiones, lo que puede llevar a la desconfianza de los usuarios y afectar la adopción de tales tecnologías en sectores críticos (e.g., medicina o justicia). Además, existen dilemas éticos respecto a la responsabilidad y el sesgo en los algoritmos de IA.

Método: Considerando lo anterior, existe una brecha de investigación relacionada con estudiar la importancia de la IA explicable desde un punto de vista ético. La pregunta de investigación es ¿cuál es el impacto ético de la falta de explicabilidad en los sistemas de IA y cómo puede abordarse? El objetivo de este trabajo es entender las implicaciones éticas de este problema y proponer métodos para abordarlo.

Resultados: Nuestros hallazgos revelan que la falta de explicabilidad en los sistemas de IA puede tener consecuencias negativas en términos de confianza y responsabilidad. Los usuarios pueden frustrarse por no entender cómo se toma una decisión determinada, lo que puede llevarlos a desconfiar de la tecnología. Además, la falta de explicabilidad dificulta la identificación y la corrección de sesgos en los algoritmos de IA, lo que puede perpetuar injusticias y discriminación.

Conclusiones: La principal conclusión de esta investigación es que la IA debe ser éticamente explicable para asegurar la transparencia y la responsabilidad. Es necesario desarrollar herramientas y metodologías que permitan entender cómo funcionan los sistemas de IA y cómo toman decisiones. También es importante fomentar la colaboración multidisciplinaria entre expertos en IA, ética y derechos humanos para abordar este desafío de manera integral.

Abstract (en)

Context: The advancement of artificial intelligence (AI) has brought numerous benefits in various fields. However, it also poses ethical challenges that must be addressed. One of these is the lack of explainability in AI systems, i.e., the inability to understand how AI makes decisions or generates results. This raises questions about the transparency and accountability of these technologies. This lack of explainability hinders the understanding of how AI systems reach conclusions, which can lead to user distrust and affect the adoption of such technologies in critical sectors (e.g., medicine or justice). In addition, there are ethical dilemmas regarding responsibility and bias in AI algorithms.

Method: Considering the above, there is a research gap related to studying the importance of explainable AI from an ethical point of view. The research question is what is the ethical impact of the lack of explainability in AI systems and how can it be addressed? The aim of this work is to understand the ethical implications of this issue and to propose methods for addressing it.

Results: Our findings reveal that the lack of explainability in AI systems can have negative consequences in terms of trust and accountability. Users can become frustrated by not understanding how a certain decision is made, potentially leading to mistrust of the technology. In addition, the lack of explainability makes it difficult to identify and correct biases in AI algorithms, which can perpetuate injustices and discrimination.

Conclusions: The main conclusion of this research is that AI must be ethically explainable in order to ensure transparency and accountability. It is necessary to develop tools and methodologies that allow understanding how AI systems work and how they make decisions. It is also important to foster multidisciplinary collaboration between experts in AI, ethics, and human rights to address this challenge comprehensively.

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How to Cite

APA

González Arencibia, M., Ordoñez-Erazo, H., and González-Sanabria, J.-S. (2024). Inteligencia artificial explicable como principio ético. Ingeniería, 29(2), e21583. https://doi.org/10.14483/23448393.21583

ACM

[1]
González Arencibia, M. et al. 2024. Inteligencia artificial explicable como principio ético. Ingeniería. 29, 2 (May 2024), e21583. DOI:https://doi.org/10.14483/23448393.21583.

ACS

(1)
González Arencibia, M.; Ordoñez-Erazo, H.; González-Sanabria, J.-S. Inteligencia artificial explicable como principio ético. Ing. 2024, 29, e21583.

ABNT

GONZÁLEZ ARENCIBIA, Mario; ORDOÑEZ-ERAZO, Hugo; GONZÁLEZ-SANABRIA, Juan-Sebastián. Inteligencia artificial explicable como principio ético. Ingeniería, [S. l.], v. 29, n. 2, p. e21583, 2024. DOI: 10.14483/23448393.21583. Disponível em: https://revistas.udistrital.edu.co/index.php/reving/article/view/21583. Acesso em: 19 jul. 2024.

Chicago

González Arencibia, Mario, Hugo Ordoñez-Erazo, and Juan-Sebastián González-Sanabria. 2024. “Inteligencia artificial explicable como principio ético”. Ingeniería 29 (2):e21583. https://doi.org/10.14483/23448393.21583.

Harvard

González Arencibia, M., Ordoñez-Erazo, H. and González-Sanabria, J.-S. (2024) “Inteligencia artificial explicable como principio ético”, Ingeniería, 29(2), p. e21583. doi: 10.14483/23448393.21583.

IEEE

[1]
M. González Arencibia, H. Ordoñez-Erazo, and J.-S. González-Sanabria, “Inteligencia artificial explicable como principio ético”, Ing., vol. 29, no. 2, p. e21583, May 2024.

MLA

González Arencibia, Mario, et al. “Inteligencia artificial explicable como principio ético”. Ingeniería, vol. 29, no. 2, May 2024, p. e21583, doi:10.14483/23448393.21583.

Turabian

González Arencibia, Mario, Hugo Ordoñez-Erazo, and Juan-Sebastián González-Sanabria. “Inteligencia artificial explicable como principio ético”. Ingeniería 29, no. 2 (May 22, 2024): e21583. Accessed July 19, 2024. https://revistas.udistrital.edu.co/index.php/reving/article/view/21583.

Vancouver

1.
González Arencibia M, Ordoñez-Erazo H, González-Sanabria J-S. Inteligencia artificial explicable como principio ético. Ing. [Internet]. 2024 May 22 [cited 2024 Jul. 19];29(2):e21583. Available from: https://revistas.udistrital.edu.co/index.php/reving/article/view/21583

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