Topologies for battery and supercapacitor interconnection in residential microgrids with intermittent generation

Topolog´ıas para la interconexi´on de bater´ıas y supercondensadores en microrredes de tipo residencial con generaci´on intermitente

Palabras clave: Lithium-ion battery, supercapacitor, DC/DC bidirectional converter, Energy Storage System (ESS), power density, energy density (en_US)
Palabras clave: Sistema Híbrido de almacenamiento de energía, batería de ion-litio, supercondensador, Convertidor DC/DC bidireccional, Densidad de potencia, Densidad de Energía (es_ES)

Resumen (en_US)

Context:This paper presents a comparative study of the performance of three topologies for interconnecting Lithium ion batteries and supercapacitors in a hybrid energy storage system for use in electric residential microgrids with intermittent generation. The hybrid system’s main purpose is to prolong battery life, using the supercapacitor to handle the dynamic component of current from a pulsed current load. This work builds upon a preliminary simulation-based study, in which two semi-active topologies were compared and evaluated. Here, we add an active topology to the study and describe the operational benefits of each topology.

Method:For every topology in this study, a non-isolated half-bridge bidirectional DC converter was used, and a proportional–integral (PI) double-loop linear ACC control algorithm was designed for controlling the converters. In the active topology an additional optimisation-based real-time frequencydecoupling control strategy was employed.

Results:A parallel active topology allows better management of stored energy in the SC by supporting variation of SC terminal voltages with a DC converter as interface to the DC bus.

Conclusions: Semi-active topologies are easier to design and control, but the operational benefits of supercapacitors require voltage variation at the terminals. This variation is made possible with an active topology.

Acknowledgements: First author thanks Universidad Distrital Francisco Jos´e de Caldas for the financial support in his doctoral studies through the study commission contract N° 000101-2016.

Resumen (es_ES)

Contexto: Este art´ıculo presenta un estudio mediante simulaci´on del comportamiento de tres topolog´ıas para la interconexi´on de bater´ıas y supercondensadores en un sistema h´ıbrido de almacenamiento de energ´ıa con potencial aplicaci´on a microrredes el´ectricas residenciales. El estudio se basa en una comparaci´on preliminar de dos topolog´ıas semi-activas hecha por los autores. En este art´ıculo se a˜nade una topolog´ıa activa al estudio comparativo.

Método: En cada una de las topolog´ıas del presente estudio se ha usado un convertidor DC bidireccional de medio puente y como estrategia de control b´asica se us´o un control de corriente promedio de doble lazo. Para la topolog´ıa activa se utiliz´o una estrategia de control adicional para el desacople de las componentes din´amicas y promedio de la carga o generaci´on pulsante.

Resultados:La topolog´ıa activa permite utilizar mejor la energ´ıa almacenada en el condensador, gracias a la posibilidad de variar la tensi´on en sus terminales.

Conclusiones:El dise˜no y control de las topolog´ıas semi-activas resulta mucho m´as sencillo que el de la topolog´ıa activa en paralelo. No obstante, para aprovechar la capacidad de almacenamiento del supercondensador, la tensi´on entre sus terminales debe tener una variaci´on importante, lo que se puede conseguir con la topolog´ıa activa.

Agradecimientos: El Autor principal agradece a la Universidad Distrital Francisco Jos´e de Caldas por el apoyo financiero en sus estudios de doctorado a trav´es del contrato de comisi´on de estudios N° 000101-2016.

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Cómo citar
Narvaez, E. A., Cortés Guerrero, C. A., & Trujillo Rodríguez, C. L. (2020). Topolog´ıas para la interconexi´on de bater´ıas y supercondensadores en microrredes de tipo residencial con generaci´on intermitente. Ingeniería, 25(1). https://doi.org/10.14483/23448393.15668
Publicado: 2020-03-12
Sección
Ingeniería Eléctrica y Electrónica

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